Archive for the ‘Drinking Water System’ Category

What Is TDS In Water?

Posted by Rayne Water

It’s your first day in your beautiful new home. You pour yourself a glass of water in your awesome new kitchen. As you take a celebratory sip, you find yourself thinking… “Huh. Does this water taste funny?” If your water tastes differently than it normally does, or if you notice excess mineral build-up in household appliances like the dishwasher, you might have high levels of TDS in your water.

So what is TDS in water? TDS or Total dissolved solids, are dissolved molecules (specifically ions) from inorganic sources such as salts, metals, and minerals. These dissolved ions can be detected in all non-pure water sources and affect your water quality.1 

While all water will have some TDS, too much can lead to difficulties in your home and, potentially, for your health.  

Breaking Down TDS

TDS concentration in water can come from several sources, ranging from healthy to harmful.

Natural sources of TDS in water include:

Human-caused sources of TDS include:

Unlike natural TDS sources like minerals, man-made TDS sources rarely have benefits and can in fact be harmful.2

How Much TDS Is Too Much?

If you have a TDS level higher than 500 ppm, the EPA recommends a follow-up step of having your water tested. In the meantime, do not drink water over 1,000 ppm.1

But first, how do you learn how much TDS is in your water supply?

How to Measure TDS Levels

To measure TDS levels in your water supply, you’ll need a total dissolved solids meter. You can find various versions of this hand-held device available online—prices range from $10 to $100, depending on the make and model.1 

A TDS meter works by measuring the conductivity of your water sample. That is, its ability to conduct electricity1

Essentially, the more TDS concentration in your water, the higher its conductivity. 

That said, a TDS meter can not tell you the source or type of TDS.

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Mineral vs Chemical: Sources of TDS and Their Potential Effects

If the TDS level in your water source is high enough, TDS could have adverse effects on your daily life.

However, to understand how high levels of TDS can impact you, it can help to know:

For example, a TDS that comes from a high mineral content could be perfectly fine to drink. However, it may be an unpleasant mineral build-up in your dishwasher.

Ideally, you want a TDS level that supports all your household water needs without causing problems for you or your appliances.

High Levels of Mineral TDS: Effects

What happens if you detect high TDS water levels? High levels of mineral TDS in your household water supply are typically safe—even healthy—to drink.2 

But they can have negative effects in other areas, including:

Lowering levels of mineral TDS in your water supply can lead to better-tasting water, healthier skin, and longer-lasting, more effective appliances.

High Levels of Chemical TDS: Effects

While it’s possible for a high TDS level to come from a natural source, high levels of TDS often indicate that the TDS comes from a non-mineral, human-caused activity.2 In these cases, the water supply may have been contaminated with harmful pollutants like:5

In a situation like this, experts recommend lowering your TDS with one of the available contaminant-removal systems.5

Lower Your Home’s TDS with a Water Improvement System

Low TDS water levels are recommended for better water quality, and that can be done with a water improvement system. A water improvement system can work as a simple and effective way of lowering your TDS levels. It’s also more eco-friendly than bottled water options that, even when the water starts off healthy, could end up exposing you to plastic contaminants.3

Depending on your needs, each of these three options could serve as a smart solution.

A Countertop Water Distiller

If you primarily require purified drinking water, consider trying a countertop water distiller, which, as the name suggests, removes TDS from water via distillation.1

Here’s how that works:  

  1. Boiling pure water away from TDS – A water boils water until the water evaporates. Most TDS remain behind in the boiling chamber.
  2. Condensing the evaporate into clean water – The evaporated H20 then travels to the carafe where it condenses back into water.
  3. Drink up – The water—boiled until vapor and then condensed into clean, safe liquid—is now ready for drinking.1

While a countertop water distiller can prove immensely effective for drinking water, it can’t address other water uses throughout the house, like bathing or water-dependent appliances.

Filtration System

With a household water filtration system, your water passes through a filter. This filter sifts out contaminants from your water supply and keeps them inside the filter where they can’t re-enter your water supply. By the time your water reaches you (or your appliances), it has fewer harmful contaminants.5

Generally speaking, a filtration system will remove contaminants, but not necessarily minerals.5 

This trait could make filtration systems an ideal option for people who want the taste or health benefits of mineral water and find themselves less concerned about its other side effects like less efficient appliances and dry skin.

Reverse Osmosis System

A reverse osmosis system (often called an RO system) differs from a filtration system in a few key ways. 

An RO system uses reverse pressure to force water through a semipermeable membrane.5 Contaminants that can’t pass through this membrane are thus separated from the purified water and carried away via a secondary “reject” stream.5 Additional filters on either side of the membrane can act as a way of supplying additional protection against TDS. 

Because an RO system typically lowers mineral and chemical TDS levels,5 it can prove an ideal option for people wishing to avoid various side effects of mineral water. An RO system can help achieve more efficient appliances, improve water taste, and support healthier skin and hair.4

It can help purify water incredibly effectively such as reverse osmosis lead filtering. In fact, many water purification plants and waste treatment centers use this process.1

RO systems designed for residential use can differ in size and other important details. 

For example, each of the available reverse osmosis systems:

Additionally, Rayne Water offers RO systems small enough to fit under your sink.

When shopping for an RO system, comparing details like these across brands and models will help you prioritize the factors that matter most to you.

Remove TDS and Other Impurities with Rayne Water

Since 1928, Rayne Water has been on the front lines of developing a diverse range of high-quality solutions to improve your water supply. The oldest continually operating water conditioning company, we serve homes, businesses, and commercial industries.

We know how deeply important water purity is, from your home to your business. That’s why we continually innovate. In 2017 we produced the most efficient RO system on the market, saving customers both water and money, all while eliminating over 95% of water contaminants.

Whether you casually wonder, “What is TDS water?” or are already knee-deep in comparing RO systems, we have your answers. When it comes to improving your home—and life—Rayne Water has you covered, from your dishwasher, to your shower water, to every glass of ice-cold water.

Expert Reviewer – Ken Christopher


  1. Water and Waste Digest. What is Total Dissolved Solids (TDS)?. 
  2. PLOS One. Research on drinking water purification technologies for household use by reducing total dissolved solids (TDS).,sodium%20%5B1%E2%80%933%5D
  3. The Beet. Which Water is Best for You? Mineral, Alkaline, or Filtered. 
  4. Rayne Water. Difference Between a Water Conditioner vs Water Softener. 
  5. NSF. Learn How Reverse Osmosis Works Straight From the Experts. 

What Chemicals Are In Plastic Water Bottles?

Posted by Rayne Water

If you find yourself confused about what chemicals are in plastic water bottles, and whether those chemicals could harm your health, you’re not alone.

The most prominent chemicals found in plastic water bottles are, well, plastic. Plastic’s chemical properties can lead to plastic-related toxins being released in the body. These plastics include polyethylene terephthalate, high-density polyethylene, and bisphenol A (BPA).

With a little guidance, you can confidently make decisions that support your health, your lifestyle, and even the environment.

Plastic in the Bottle, Plastic in the Water

When it comes to finding out what chemicals are in a plastic bottle—along with the safety of those chemicals—it’s helpful to provide context.

One study found that 93% of bottled water brands sampled contained traces of microplastics, including companies like Aquafina, Evian, and Nestle Pure Life. In comparison, tap water contained about 50% fewer microplastics than bottled water.1

That study suggests drinking water from any single-use plastic bottle could carry a high risk of consuming water tainted by microplastics. 

The question then becomes, could microplastics hurt you? 

The answer to that tends to depend on the specific plastic. Different types of plastic have different levels of known risks and health effects. 

Types of Plastics Found in Water Bottles

Most plastics used in water bottles fall into one of three categories. Typically, a number on the packaging printed inside a triangle—1, 2, or 7—will indicate what category of plastic a bottle falls into:2

Plastics Common in Single-Use Water Bottles

PET makes up most single-use plastic water bottles sold in the U.S.1  

When we say single-use, we mean it. Experts warn that repeatedly using water bottles made from PET can wear down the material, which could allow harmful bacteria to build up in the cracks.3 Washing PET bottles can also cause problems since exposure to hot water can cause plastic chemicals to leach into your water.4

Since they’re are to be used once, disposable water bottles usually get tossed back into the environment. In addition to the health questions raised, single-use plastic water bottles can also have a negative effect on the environment. With a few exceptions like incineration, practically all of the plastic created still exists in some form or other on the planet.4 While recycling can mitigate some of the environmental damage done by single-use plastic bottles, choosing a non-plastic water bottle option can bypass the issue entirely.

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Plastics Common in Multi-Use Water Bottles

Unlike single-use water bottles made of PET, many reusable plastic water bottles tend to be made from plastic polymers such as polypropylene and copolyester, making them both sturdy and lightweight.3 

While these bottles rarely contain BPA anymore, there’s still a lot the scientific community doesn’t know about the potential health risks of these plastics.3

Because we still don’t know the long-term health of these plastics, experts recommend avoiding the dishwasher and washing your water bottle by hand. The heat and abrasion of a typical dishwasher could enhance chemical leaching that would affect any liquids you put in your bottle.3

Lack of Transparency in Industry

When it comes to determining the precise chemicals in a water bottle, lack of transparency remains the biggest hurdle.

In fact, no law or regulation requires corporations selling bottled water to test their water for plastic chemical substances, or even to tell customers where their water comes from.1

American tap water providers, on the other hand, must:1

While it’s theoretically possible for a bottle of water to be pure, with the current level of regulation, it’s too hard to know for sure. There’s still research to be done on the health effects and safety of plastic products, especially disposable water bottles. However, With tap water, you can access regulated, quality reports about your water. If necessary, you can also take follow-up steps to improve your water like adding a ro water filter system.

Health Risks of Water Bottle Plastics

Now that you know some of the more common plastics found in water bottles, let’s address some of the health risks associated with each type of plastic, and with plastic bottles in general. 

To avoid the risks associated with chemical leaching, as well as the bacterial growth associated with worn and poorly washed plastic, consider trying a water bottle made from alternative materials.

Alternatives to Plastic Water Bottles

Glass water bottles, metal water bottles, and paper cups could all serve as a healthier alternative to drinking out of water bottles made of plastic. These alternatives can prove more environmentally friendly as well. 

Americans buy roughly 50 billion water bottles a year. By choosing an alternative to the single-use plastic water bottle, you could save about 156 plastic bottles every year.24

Use a Reverse Osmosis System to Purify Your Water

After learning more about the chemicals in plastic water bottles, you may vow to switch to a glass or metal water bottle that you refill from your own tap water. 

That’s an important first step, but you could still inadvertently expose yourself to microplastics if you don’t use a water purifying system. Plastics abandoned in landfills can break down into tiny toxic particles that mix into our soil and waterways, potentially exposing you to harmful plastic particles. 4 

To safeguard against stray plastic particles in your water supply, consider installing a reverse osmosis system to purify your water.

An RO system works by pushing unpurified water through a semipermeable membrane. The membrane removes impurities and contaminants like plastic chemicals, along with other unwanted dissolved solids. An RO system can also remove bacteria like Salmonella and E. Coli, as well as viruses like Hepatitis, Enteric, and Norovirus. 

This leaves your water healthy, clean, and delicious.

Trust Rayne Water to Deliver Safe, Clean Drinking Water

In 2017, Rayne Water created the most efficient RO system on the market. Our system eliminates over 95 % of contaminants while saving you water and money.

As the oldest continually operating water conditioning company in the U.S., we’re committed to helping each new generation navigate the challenge of water contamination, including the risk of plastic contamination.

That’s why we offer a range of products designed to improve and protect your water supply. So you can safely—and confidently—enjoy the world’s oldest beverage.

Expert Reviewer – Ken Christopher


  1. Clean Water Action. Bottled Water: The Human Health Consequences of Drinking from Plastic. 
  2. WebMD. Is it Safe to Reuse Plastic Water Bottles?. 
  3. Washington Post. Plastic, metal or glass: What’s the best material for a reusable water bottle?. 
  4. End Plastic Pollution – Fact Sheet: Single-Use Plastics. 

How to Stay Hydrated in Hot Weather

Posted by Rayne Water

The summer months are heralded for their warm ambiance, eternal sunshine, and joyous nature. And as the bubbly, feel-good vibes start lifting, so does the number on the thermostat. In which case, if there was ever a season to stay hydrated, then it’s right around the corner. 

To that end, if you’re wondering how to stay hydrated in hot weather, you’ve found yourself in capable hands. Today, we’re going to extend this discussion to review the three key drivers of proper hydration—quantity, frequency, and speed.   

From there, we’ll provide a few hydration tips for summer and outline some basic safety practices to help you avoid any potential heat exhaustion or any heat related illness. 

#1 Quality: Be Sure to Drink the Right Beverages

Let’s make one thing clear—not all drinks are created equal. While it’s common sense that drinking liquids help you hydrate, there are certain beverages that can do the exact opposite (looking at you, alcohol). 

Furthermore, drinks that are saturated with caffeine or sugar can act as a diuretic, which means they move water through your body at a faster speed. To that end, when it comes to adequate hydration, one of the key drivers of a “quality” beverage is its electrolyte concentration. 

Electrolytes are essential minerals that help regulate muscle contractions and balance fluid cells in your body. In other words, they help you keep hydrated! 

Types of electrolytes include but are not limited to:

Did you know that even water will (typically) have trace amounts of electrolytes? Although electrolytes are commonly associated with sports drinks, they’re also found in fruits with high water content like coconut water, watermelon water, and other fruit juices.1 

By ensuring that the liquids you’re ingesting are rich in electrolytes, you help your body retain its hydration (which is especially important in warmer climates). However, it’s important to note that many beverages marketed to be “high in electrolytes” are also saturated with sugar.

That’s why it’s paramount to review the label, do your due diligence, and ensure you’re drinking the right types of liquids when in hot weather. 

Get started today! We specialize in providing the purest water possible!

#2 Quantity: Be Sure to Drink A Lot of Liquids! 

The CDC recommends that you “drink 1 cup (8 ounces) of water every 15–20 minutes” when you’re spending prolonged time in a hot climate or under summer heat. This can help you cool down your body temperature and maintain proper hydration. Another way to conceptualize this guideline is one and half (or two) single-use water bottles (the type you can buy at a gas station or grocery store) every hour.2

However, you shouldn’t consume more than 48 ounces of water in an hour. While this may seem counterintuitive, extreme quantities of water can dilute the electrolytes—especially sodium— in your body.

If you’re looking for tips for staying hydrated in the summer that’ll help you track your water intake, consider the following:

Ultimately, you’ll need to drink enough water to replace what you lose in sweat. 

While this can absolutely depend on your body type, metabolism, and overall fitness level, it’s widely acknowledged that keeping a healthy intake of liquids is incredibly beneficial for hydration (especially when it’s hot outside!). 

#3 Frequency: Be Sure to Drink Throughout the Day! 

When your body signals that you’re thirsty, it can be a sign of dehydration. While this shouldn’t come as a surprise, in hotter climates, you should aim to mitigate that thirst by being proactive about your water intake. 

So how often should you drink water? As mentioned above, try to drink hydrating liquids every 15 to 20 minutes and don’t go for more than an hour without drinking water in the heat. 

While not the most appealing thing to visualize, you should also pay attention to the color of your urine to estimate your hydration levels.2 

The reality is that hydration favors consistency. In the hotter months, it’s important that you’re at least drinking something every hour. Additionally, you should aim to never be thirsty as opposed to letting that feeling signal that it’s time for a beverage. 

Summer Hydration Safety Tips

On the hottest days, hydration becomes a safety factor, not just something to aid your physical well-being. In which case, to ensure you’re protecting yourself from the heat, it’s paramount that you: 

In tandem with liquid intake, you need to do all you can to mitigate the effects of warmer weather and the sun. So, be sure you make use of reminders to help you remember to drink water

The Drinks to Avoid 

While it’s important to focus on what you should do to stay hydrated, there are some clear red flags you should steer clear of to ensure you’re staying hydrated. Drinks to avoid include but are not limited to:

If you’re going to avoid any of these beverages, alcohol should be at the top of your list. Given that alcohol is a diuretic, it can actively dehydrate your body.  

Invest in Residential Water Filtration Systems

When you’re constantly refilling water bottles to stay hydrated, quality tap water can spell a different drinking experience. To that end, investing in a water filtration system might be the hot weather game-changer you didn’t anticipate. 

While it’s easy to reach for a single-serving bottle of water to quench your thirst, is that the most sustainable and cost-effective way to hydrate? 

Even if you’re aware that drinking your tap water could save money and resources, there are various factors that might keep you from drinking it (this also largely depends on where you live). If that’s the case, filtered tap water might be a phenomenal upgrade to your home! 

Benefits of Filtered Tap Water

When your tap water is your primary source of hydration, you’re making both a cost-effective and environmentally sound choice. In which case, a few benefits include: 

Especially if you live in an area that’s prone to extreme climates, filtered tap water can make a huge impact on the way (and your ability to) you stay hydrated. 

Rayne Water, Water Filtration for Your Home

Now that you know how to stay hydrated in hot weather, the most important thing to practice is consistency. Drink beverages that actually nourish your body, make sure you’re intaking enough liquid, and keep a consistent drinking schedule. 

If you’re doing this from home and you don’t want to purchase single-use water bottles or refillable gallons, then you’re in the right place. Whether you’re in need of a reverse osmosis system or a water softener, at Rayne Water we’re on a mission to service your filtration needs. 

Curious to learn more? Let’s talk about some solutions to keep your household happy and  hydrated throughout the warmer months!

Find a location near you!



  1. Healthline. 8 Healthy Drinks Rich in Electrolytes.
  2. CDC. Heat Stress: Hydration.
  3. Slate. You Are Paying 300 Times More for Bottled Water than Tap Water.
  4. Cleveland Clinic. Electrolytes.
  5. Rayne Water. Residential Reverse Osmosis Systems.

4 Benefits of Commercial Water Filtration Systems

Posted by Rayne Water

From the farming industry to the food and beverage sector, water is an integral part of keeping business flowing smoothly. However, if your municipality’s drinking water is hard, odorous, or discolored, it can put a wrench in your best-laid plans.

Whether you simply need to provide quality drinking water for the employees at your office or filter thousands of gallons for beverage production, there’s a filtration system for you.

A commercial water filtration system or commercial reverse osmosis system, offers countless benefits in improving your water quality and, with it, your employees’ quality of life. In this guide, we’ll go over four central benefits you can enjoy when bringing a filtration system to your place of business.

#1 Safer Water

The most important benefit of a commercial water filtration system is that it increases the safety of one of our most vital resources: water.

While some industries utilize non-potable—that is, non-drinkable—water for cleaning purposes, you generally want to make sure that all the water on your premises is potable. It’s always a good idea to test the chemical and mineral levels of water when your employees or customers will consume it.

Likewise, you should also test any drinking water you use to feed any livestock or furry friends who are involved in your business activities.

If you’re on municipal water, you may assume it’s already safe. However, it’s important to look into the details:

If you’re on well water, you might face a different set of challenges as your local water table fluctuates.

No matter your water source, the bottom line is that water filtration makes drinking water safer.

Depending on the specific method of filtration, it can remove:

Municipalities seek to remove the most harmful of these contaminants. However, even those that don’t pose a health risk—for example, calcium and magnesium—can affect the overall quality of your water.

Installing another filtration system in your own building is the best way to ensure protection and peace of mind.

Reverse Osmosis Systems starting at only $25/mo. Try before you buy!

Reuse Water Waste and Maximize Efficiency

While you can improve the quality of the water that you consume, you can also improve the quality of the water that leaves your industry as wastewater.

Wastewater is water that has already been used for domestic, commercial, or industrial processes such as washing dishes or watering crops. Filtering this water can make it suitable for other purposes.

#2 Fresh Flavor

Even if water is potable and safe to drink, it might still have an undesirable taste or mouthfeel. With a filtration system, you have more control over your business outcomes, which leads us to our next point.

In the food and beverage industry, water not only needs to be safe but also top quality. From bagels to beer to pickles, water is the basis of marketable products. Even on the small scale of an individual restaurant or cafe, you want your guests to fully enjoy a glass of water in your establishment.

A commercial drinking water filter is a must-have for:

If your establishment features drinking fountains or complimentary water, you’ll likewise want to ensure it leaves your patrons feeling quenched and content.

#3 Control Over the Details

Anyone who manages a business knows how important it is to control the factors that you can.

Here’s a variety of businesses and the ways that water filtration can help control the details.

The benefits of commercial water filtration systems are highly specific to different industries. Take some time to research the unexpected ways that filtration would benefit your business.

#4 Affordable Cost

Installing your own water filtration system at your business or factory might actually help you trim costs—especially if you’re paying for spring water or pre-filtered water. Instead of purchasing gallons of bottled water, you can rely on your own source.

There are even energy efficient water filtration systems available to help you accrue savings over time. Waste water doesn’t have to be thought of as waste. Rather, it’s another resource at your disposal.

Other Filtration Considerations

When you decide to invest in a commercial water filter system, you’ll need to take steps to ensure you’re receiving all the benefits that you should. From maintenance to installation, water filtration systems aren’t a one and done appliance.1 To that end:

With proper care maintenance, you’ll reap the rewards of your new system for years to come.

Commercial Water Filtration System Options

Depending on your business water filtration needs, there are two water filter options: Reverse Osmosis and Activated Carbon.

Each method is designed to capture certain chemicals or particles. However, many water filtration systems involve a combination of the RO water filter system and activated carbon to catch more contaminants.

Here’s a more in-depth look at how each system works:

Keep in mind that not all dissolved elements will pose a problem, Minerals and salt could even be desirable to some businesses. Consider your desired outcome is for the water that you use. Do you need to grow acres of corn? Or do you need incredibly soft water for making bagels?

To decide on the best commercial water treatment and filtration system for your needs, consult with an expert.

Rayne Water’s Solutions for Homes and Businesses

From small businesses to industrial operations, many companies can benefit from filtration to improve the quality of your water supply onsite. Whether you need a reverse osmosis system for business or activated carbon filters that have the capacity to filter 1,000 or 10,000 gallons of water per day, water softener companies offer plenty of options available for you.

At Rayne Water, our 94 years of business have equipped us to meet your commercial reverse osmosis system needs.3 Get in touch today to learn more about our solutions, from the reverse osmosis filter to water softener and beyond.

Find a location near you!


  1. Consumer Reports. How to Make Sure Your Water Filter Really Removes Lead.
  2. Food and Wine. Is New York Water Really The Secret To The Best Bagels and Pizza?
  3. Rayne Water. Commercial Reverse Osmosis System.
  4. How Stuff Works. What is activated charcoal and why is it used in filters?
  5. EPA. Drinking Water.
  6. How Stuff Works. How Reverse Osmosis Works.
  7. Rayne Water. Water Softener vs. Water Filter.
  8. Rayne Water. Types of Water Filters.


What Is an Ion Exchange Water Filter?

Posted by Rayne Water

Whether you source the water for your home or business from a nearby well or your city’s municipal water supply, you should take every possible precaution to make sure your water is free of harmful contaminants. 

A popular, effective, and safe option for treatment is an ion exchange water filtration system, which can soften water. What exactly is an ion exchange filter, and how does it work?

In this guide, we’ll explore everything you need to know about the ion exchange process, how it’s used in water treatment, and the benefits of using an ion exchange water filter to soften your home’s or business’ water. 

What is Ion Exchange?

Before we get into the nitty-gritty of water softening, let’s take a step back and examine just how ion exchange works to soften water with a quick chemistry refresher:1

During ion exchange, an atom or molecule will detach its weak bond and reattach to a separate ion with a stronger charge.2 Scientists can use ion exchange to potentially create new molecules and compounds, neutralize electrically-charged atoms, or remove solids from liquid solutions.

Water Softener Systems starting at only $35/mo. Try before you buy!

How Do Ion Exchange Water Filters Work?

So, how does an ion exchange system work in water treatment? Ion exchange water filters soften water but don’t filter it. In other words, they use electronically charged solids to remove contaminant ions from drinking water—even if the contaminants are in liquid form. Let’s demystify a few questions about ion exchange in water filtration. 

Which Ions are Exchanged?

There are two types of ion exchange:3

Most ion exchange water filters harness both anion and cation exchange to remove as many contaminants as possible from the drinking water supply. Since not all contaminants are negatively or positively charged, using both methods may ensure thorough water softening. 

Anion exchange may effectively remove the following negatively-charged ion contaminants:4

Cation exchange may remove positively-charged pollutants like:

Anion exchange typically replaces contaminant ions with chloride, while cation exchange usually relies upon sodium as an exchange ion. Both negatively and positively charged ions are innocuous and may be safe for human consumption in small quantities.

What Does an Ion Exchange Filter Look Like?

While various filters with different designs are available on the market, ion exchange water filters are typically made from a few key components:

Ion exchange resin typically comes in a solid form, and it’s usually made of small beads. Filter manufacturers use beads (instead of a contiguous substance coating the walls of the tank) for a few reasons:

Some systems may also include a resin regeneration tank. When the resin collects its maximum amount of contaminant ions, it moves to a saltwater tank. The contaminant ions attach to the sodium chloride ions in the brine, removing them from the resin, which can then be reused in the primary ion exchange tank. 

In such systems, using spherical resin provides mobility. The spent spheres can easily move into the saltwater tank and back into the primary ion exchange tank once the sodium chloride has removed all contaminant ions.

How Effective Are Ion Exchange Filters?

An Ion exchange water filtration system may be very effective when softening water for two primary reasons:

  1. The chloride and sodium ions used in the resin have very strong electric charges. When they pull contaminant ions from the water supply, the pollutant ions stay attached to the resin very effectively.
  2. Since resin can be refreshed using a brine solution, systems with a built-in brine tank ensure that there’s always resin available to perform ion exchange. This results in efficient and constant chemical reactions. Instead of worrying about changing a filter or adding fresh chemicals, ion exchange water filter users can, essentially, “set it and forget it” without worrying about reduced efficacy over time. 

According to the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), both anion and cation exchange can remove up to 99% of negatively- and positively-charged contaminants, respectively.3 Since they’re so effective, the EPA has deemed ion exchange water filters as a “best available technology” and Small System Compliance Technology, particularly for removing radium, uranium, beta particle, gross alpha, and photon emitters.

Benefits of Using an Ion Exchange Filter

While their dependability and effectiveness may make them an excellent choice for home and business water purification needs, ion exchange water filters also offer an array of other potential benefits. Let’s explore a few.


As we’ve discussed above, the resin ion exchange medium is reusable. Ion exchange water filters with built-in saltwater tanks may be the most sustainable option since they don’t require refilling or removing the resin. That also means there’s no need to transport or dispose of exhausted resin. 

Even if a system doesn’t have a built-in brine tank for resin regeneration, home and business owners or their water filtration services providers can replace the resin in their tank and remove the spent beads. Instead of simply throwing away the resin and creating waste, they can refresh the resin for reuse. 

Multi-Chemical Removal

Ion exchange water filters are particularly attractive because of their broad and thorough removal of contaminant chemicals. 

As discussed above, combined anion and cation exchange systems not only remove up to 99% of their target contaminant ions but also remove 12 total distinct pollutants. While some softening systems only target solids of a certain size or a few specific chemicals, ion exchange filters may effectively remove numerous possible contaminants from the water supply. 

Since they have the potential to remove so many different ions, ion exchange water filters may be useful for both pollutant removal and improvement of overall water quality and softness. They may also considerably improve the taste, color, and odor of drinking water  and neutralize tasteless, odorless, and colorless hazards. 

Softening Water Hardness

Water hardness describes the total amount of dissolved magnesium and calcium in your drinking water supply.5

But filtering hard water from your drinking water supply isn’t the only thing that’s important. Since cation exchange water filters remove calcium and magnesium ions from drinking water, they may resolve water hardness issues befalling your home or business. 

Water softening efforts carry multiple potential benefits:

You can also learn how to test water quality at home to determine when a water softener may be needed. 

Use in Whole-Home or Whole-Business Systems

Whole-home or whole-business water softening systems are often the simplest solutions for improving drinking water quality. 

Other water softening solutions are available, of course, but they all carry their own drawbacks:

Since ion exchange water filters can be used in a whole-home or whole-business softening system, you can reap the potential benefits of their effective treatment throughout your entire space. 

Add an Ion Exchange Filter with Rayne Water 

Ion exchange water filters may be effective and sustainable—and may also target a wide variety of potential water supply contaminants to soften water. If you’re in search of a water softening solution for your home or business, you should certainly consider an ion exchange solution for your drinking water needs. 

Making a shortlist of potential business or house water filter systems can be difficult without professional advice. At Rayne Water, we bring almost a century of experience to home and business owners. We’re passionate about bringing you the cleanest, tastiest water possible, and we’re ready to help you, your family, or your business find the ideal solution. 

When you’re ready to improve your water quality, contact us for a free consultation. 

Find a location near you!


  1. Northwestern University. What Is an Ion? 
  2. ScienceDirect. Ion Exchange. 
  3. US Environmental Protection Agency. Radionuclides in Drinking Water.
  4. US Environmental Protection Agency. Overview of Drinking Water Treatment Technologies. 
  5. US Department of the Interior. Hardness of Water. 

Is RO Water Good for You?

Posted by Rayne Water

Reverse osmosis systems (RO) have become commonplace for home and business water filtration solutions, and for a good reason—RO systems are affordable, reliable, and low-maintenance. They may also remove a variety of common chemical contaminants, as well as the beneficial compounds, in drinking water supplies.

RO water is an effective, widely-accepted method for filtering out contaminants and toxins from drinking water and may reduce the risk of acquiring certain viruses and bacteria.1 In this article, we’ll explore the mechanics of reverse osmosis and the potential benefits and downfalls of drinking RO water to help you decide if an RO system is an ideal solution for your home or business. 

Reverse Osmosis, Explained

So, is RO water good for you? Let’s break down reverse osmosis or RO and the way it removes contaminants from your home or business water supply.

In order to determine whether an RO water filtration system is good for you, it helps to understand how the reverse osmosis process works. In reverse osmosis water filtration, water is pushed through a semipermeable membrane that catches dissolved solids of a certain size, eliminating potential hazards from the water supply.2 As water moves through the membrane, dissolved solids are left behind in the filter media.

A reverse osmosis water system can remove a number of water-borne impurities, like:

Home and business owners can employ one of two RO technologies to meet their water purification needs:

Reverse Osmosis Systems starting at only $25/mo. Try before you buy!

The Debate

While RO water is free from a number of impurities, this filtration system also removes essential minerals found in drinking water, such as salts, calcium, and magnesium. RO water filtration systems may lead to reduced levels of essential nutrients within your body. It is important to make note that because RO water filtration systems do remove such essential nutrients during the process, it’s important to look for nutritious foods that meet your daily intake of these minerals and vitamins not compensated for with a well-rounded and nutritious diet.3 

Nevertheless, RO water filtration systems are extremely effective when cleaning drinking water that’s contaminated with harmful toxins, bacteria, and viruses.

Benefits of Drinking RO Water

Now that you know how the reverse osmosis process works, let’s look at the benefits of an RO water purifier. An RO water filter may improve the quality of your drinking water. Let’s explore three potential benefits of RO water systems and how this system may improve your supply of drinking water. 

#1 You Drink Softer Water

Along with a variety of other contaminant chemicals, reverse osmosis filters can capture calcium and magnesium, hard water minerals that may wreak havoc on your health, cleaning regimen, and plumbing system.4

While the US Food and Drug Administration recommends daily intake values for both calcium and magnesium—essential nutrients that your body needs to survive—excess intake of either mineral may cause health problems.

Excess magnesium is typically filtered through the kidneys, and overdose typically produces mild symptoms like nausea and abdominal pain. However, excess calcium ingestion may cause wellness issues.5 Additionally, RO water is low-sodium, which may help to keep your cardiovascular system functioning properly.

When you implement an RO system for your home or business, you can soften your water supply, potentially helping to decrease the risk of health impacts. Filtering hard water also eliminates issues like plumbing damage, hard water stains, and reduced cleaning efficacy caused by it.

#2 May Decrease Your Exposure to Water-Borne Illnesses

Reverse osmosis systems may filter out bacteria, parasites, and virus particles that could potentially contaminate municipal or well water supplies, which may impact your health.4

Since RO water systems capture particles of a certain size, they may effectively reduce your exposure to these potential contaminants. While contaminants in municipal water systems are relatively unlikely, an RO system is particularly useful for well applications, where water quality isn’t monitored or controlled by an independent regulatory agency. 

In addition, filtration of common viral and bacterial contaminants may improve the color, odor, and taste of your drinking water. 

#3 May Reduce the Likelihood of Drinking Contaminated Water

RO systems aren’t just useful for potentially mitigating viruses, bacteria, and hard water. They may also filter out other components that could reduce your overall water quality. 

Since RO water potentially contains fewer contaminants and pollutants, reverse osmosis systems are known to filter out the following additional contaminants:6

While some municipal water authorities add antibacterial chemicals to the water supply, the other chemicals on this list can appear in your household or business water supply via infrastructure vulnerabilities, groundwater saturation, or pollution. 

All water filtration solutions provide some protection against contaminant chemicals, and RO systems are no exception. With the help of a reverse osmosis system, you can remain confident that you, your family, or your employees are consuming the safest possible water with the lowest number of total dissolved solids.

You can also learn how to test water quality at home to eliminate harmful contaminants and implement a water filtration system if needed. 

Water Filtration Systems for Wellness from Rayne Water 

Is reverse osmosis water safe? Reverse osmosis systems produce filtered, tasty water that’s potentially free from more than 99% of dissolved compounds, rendering RO a safe and effective water treatment method.

RO systems aren’t your only choice for home or business water filtration. If you’re looking for professional advice on the best solution for you, look no further than Rayne Water. Since 1928, our all-star team has been providing ideal solutions to residential and commercial water purity issues, prioritizing your qualitative and quantitative goals to help you meet your water purity goals. 

If you’re ready to transform your home water supply for the better, contact us for a free consultation. 

Find a location near you!


  1. US Environmental Protection Agency. Water Health Series: Filtration Facts. 
  2. US Environmental Protection Agency. Point-of-Use Reverse Osmosis Systems. 
  3. Med J Armed Forces India. Demineralization of drinking water: Is it prudent? 
  4. US Environmental Protection Agency. Overview of Drinking Water Treatment Technologies. 
  5. National Institutes of Health. Calcium. 
  6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. A Guide to Drinking Water Treatment Technologies for Household Use. 

5 Benefits of Filtering Hard Water

Posted by Rayne Water

Water hardness refers to the amount of magnesium and calcium solids in your water supply.1  No matter where you live or work, where you get your water, or how satisfied you are with your overall water quality, home and business owners can all agree—hard water is a nuisance. 

Luckily, there’s a solution to one of the peskiest problems in nationwide water supplies. While hard water cannot be filtered, it can be softened to significantly improve your water quality, protect your plumbing system, reduce your time spent cleaning, and more. 

This article will break down everything you need to know about water softening (which is sometimes termed as filtering hard water). We’ll explore five benefits you can reap when you choose a water softening system and introduce you to a few potential solutions to your hard water woes.

#1 Meet Your Wellness Goals

If you’re new to the science of water softening, you might be worried that hard water could be a sign of a vulnerability in your plumbing system or an issue with your municipal water infrastructure, but hard water is normal and naturally occurring. 

When groundwater—the source of most municipal and all well water—moves through rock underground, it dissolves loose solids that fall away from the rock as it erodes. While numerous compounds can dissolve into groundwater, hard water refers to the concentration of calcium and magnesium only. 

Calcium and magnesium are essential nutrients that your body needs to survive:

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommends daily intake values for both minerals—between 200 and 1,300 mg of calcium and between 30 and 420 mg of calcium, depending on your age, sex, and pregnancy status—but ingesting too much of either may lead to unwanted health effects.

Consuming too much magnesium doesn’t pose a fatal health risk—since the kidneys eliminate any excess via urine—but it can potentially cause nausea, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps.

However, overconsumption of calcium is more serious, potentially leading to:

If you see visible signs of hard water in your home or business water supply, you should make efforts to resolve the problem to prevent overconsumption of both magnesium and calcium, since too much of either can make you sick. 

Water Softener Systems starting at only $35/mo. Try before you buy!

How Hard is Your Water?

There are four classifications for water hardness, measured in grains per gallon or GPG  ) of total dissolved solids (TDS):

To determine your water hardness and whether you’re in need of water treatment, you can learn how to test water quality at home or consult with your municipal water supplier. Keep these numbers in mind when assessing the potential health risk of your hard water. 

#2 Prolong the Life of Your Plumbing System and Fixtures

Calcium and magnesium are dissolved solids. Like dust in your air vents, hard water solids in your drinking water can collect in your pipes, which can potentially lead to:

In addition, hard water solids can build up on the insides and outsides of your plumbing fixtures—for example, your kitchen faucet, shower head, and hose spigot. 

Plumbing is a significant utility in your home, and it can be expensive to replace. Homeowners spent an average of $2,280 to $5,120 installing new plumbing systems in 2021.4 In addition, it can be difficult to diagnose internal plumbing system issues before it’s too late. You may not notice a gradual reduction in your water pressure until you have houseguests or a pipe cracks in your warehouse.

Resolving hard water issues before they become catastrophic can extend the life of the plumbing system and fixtures in your home or office, saving you money and protecting your hard-earned investment. 

#3 Reduce Hard Water Stains—And Your Time Spent Cleaning

Calcium and magnesium solids are left behind when water evaporates. If you drip hard water onto the counter while cooking or washing dishes, you’ll likely find small rings of white, chalky residue when you return to the kitchen a few hours later. 

Of all hard water ramifications, stains can be the most irritating. Even if you use chemical solutions instead of water for surface cleaning, spaces like the sink, kitchen countertops, and bathtub will inevitably keep gathering hard water buildup every time you use these high-traffic areas. 

Hard water stains may also collect on dishes, giving your glasses, plates, and silverware an unpleasant, crusty coating and decreasing their shine. 

Instead of succumbing to the endless cycle of hard water stain removal, opt for a permanent solution—softening your water. When you eliminate hard water from your home or business, you can save time scrubbing up calcium and magnesium residue and adopt a more relaxed cleaning schedule. 

#4 Improve Qualitative Water Issues

In addition to its health, infrastructure, and visual impacts, hard water may also cause qualitative issues with your drinking and bathing water. 

High levels of calcium and magnesium can impact your drinking water’s color, taste, and odor, which can also impact your cooking, laundry, and hygiene efforts. Why?

Hard water neutralizes soap.5

In fact, noticeably unpleasant effects while handwashing, bathing, or cleaning may be your first indication that you have a hard water problem. Be on the lookout for the following signs:

Using a water softening solution can improve the color, of your water, thus enhancing your overall drinking water quality. Resolving hard water issues may also improve the cleanliness of your laundry, dishes, and body. Plus, with calcium and magnesium out of the picture, you’ll find yourself using less soap to work up suds. 

#5 Enjoy Secondary Softening Benefits

Depending on the water softening system you use, you could achieve other potential water softening benefits while removing magnesium and calcium from your home or business water supply. 

For instance, if you employ a water purification system that uses a physical media to filter out solids, this system will also usually remove other particles, like:6

Chemical water purification systems utilize chemical reactions to remove contaminants, and some systems may neutralize calcium and magnesium. They can also tackle some or all of the following:

Even if you don’t know which contaminants could be plaguing your home or business water supply, opting to solve your hard water issues usually offers an attractive secondary improvement: reducing the overall total dissolved solids (TDS) in your drinking (and bathing) water. A lack of these components in softened and filtered water may also help keep your skin and hair soft.

What Technology is Available for Water Softening?

Softening hard water is potentially beneficial for your health, plumbing equipment, cleaning efforts, and overall water quality experience. So, what technologies are available for water softening, and what other benefits do these systems boast? 

Some of the available technologies on the market include:

Rayne Water: Providing Clean, Delicious Water Since 1928

Softening hard water is a worthy pursuit. You may lessen the risk of magnesium and calcium overconsumption, reduce the damage of hard water minerals, and generally improve your home or business water experience with a water softener. 

Finding the right water filtration system or water softener for you shouldn’t be a problem. At Rayne Water, we’ve been helping families and business owners choose ideal water purification solutions for nearly 100 years. From reverse osmosis systems to ion exchange filtration to salt-free systems and everything in between, we don’t just provide excellent service—we make every effort to bring the purest, tastiest water possible to your home or business. 

With our team of industry professionals and a long-time reputation for quality, you can trust Rayne Water Conditioning to resolve any water quality issue that comes your way. 

Find a location near you!


  1. US Department of the Interior. Hardness of Water.  
  2. National Institutes of Health. Calcium. 
  3. National Institutes of Health. Magnesium. 
  4. Home Guide. How Much Does It Cost to Install or Replace Plumbing? 
  5. US Department of the Interior. Why Does It Take So Long to Rinse the Soap Off My Hands? 
  6. US Environmental Protection Agency. Overview of Drinking Water Treatment Technologies. 

How to Test Your Water Quality at Home Without a Kit

Posted by Rayne Water

Whether you’ve recently moved into a new home or taken a new interest in your home drinking water quality, you may be wondering how to determine the purity and safety of your water supply. 

While various at-home packages are available for assessing the water in your home, these packages can be expensive and slow to ship. In this article, we’ll explore how to test water quality at home without a kit to assess for bacteria, lead, nitrates, nitrites, and chlorine.

With the help of four simple at-home tests, you can establish preliminary parameters about your home’s water quality. This information can help you establish a purification plan and harness water treatment technology that addresses the specific water quality issues in your home. 

#1 Assess Color, Taste, and Odor Test

How satisfied are you with your water? Three crucial, qualitative characteristics of your home water supply can indicate the presence of hard water:

While it can be difficult to pinpoint the precise causes of odor, color, or taste abnormalities, identifying issues is the first step in the mitigation process. 

If you’re not sure how these qualitative factors impact your current water supply, evaluate your tap water against one of the purest water products on the market—bottled, distilled water. 

While even the most highly distilled water products aren’t 100% H2O, distilled water can serve as a neutral comparison point for your household water quality.

To evaluate the odor, color, and taste of your tap water, compare each metric to those you observe in distilled water samples. If your at-home drinking water has a funky odor, color, or taste compared to the distilled control, your home drinking water supply might be contaminated. 

Reverse Osmosis Systems starting at only $25/mo. Try before you buy!

#2 Use a Water Hardness Test

Water hardness describes the total concentration of dissolved calcium and magnesium solids in a water sample.1 

If your home has hard water, you may experience one or more of the following everyday impacts:

One sure-fire way to test your home water hardness without a testing kit is to do the following:

If you observe lingering residue after the water has evaporated, you may have hard water issues at home. Filtering hard water can be essential for a safer water supply.

#3 Try a Magnifying Glass

If you’re testing your home water quality without a water test kit, remember to take note of water quality issues as soon as your water leaves the tap. 

Not all contaminant particles will be visible to the naked eye—but relying on your senses is crucial to establishing and fixing drinking water quality issues.

To perform a visual test, thoroughly clean and dry a clear glass bowl or drinking glass. Fill the container with water, place the container in bright light, and use a magnifying glass to take a closer look at the water.

If you notice floating particles, cloudiness, or foam that lasts more than a few minutes, your home water could be contaminated. While not all contaminants are harmful, establishing a baseline for visual water clarity can help you evaluate the effectiveness of any water purification solutions you test out to improve your home water quality. 

#4 Boil Your Water for a Dissolved Solids Test

Again, it can be difficult to observe dissolved solids, but even if you can’t see contaminants, you can still test for water impurities at home without a water test kit. Simply employ the boiling method:

  1. Thoroughly wash and dry a small pot or saucepan
  2. Fill the pot with one cup of water
  3. Place the pot on your stovetop, heating the water without a lid until it comes to a boil
  4. Turn off the heat once most of the water has evaporated
  5. Wait for the pot to cool completely

Once you’ve boiled off the water and waited for the pot to cool, run your fingers along the bottom of the pot. If you feel gritty, sticky, or chalky residue, your home water supply contains dissolved solids. 

Additional Factors to Consider

When assessing your water quality at home, you’ll also want to factor in a few external elements that may be affecting the quality of your water and how you should be testing it. These include:

Why Test Your Home’s Water Quality

As we mentioned, testing the water quality is important to help eliminate hard water and contaminants that may not only be harmful to your body but can potentially cause issues like plumbing damage, hard water stains, and more. While the water source and local health department regulations may impact the quality, water quality testing can also be essential to determine whether you need a water filter or water softener. Adding a water softener, like an ion exchange water filter, or even reverse osmosis system can help improve and make your drinking water safer.

Rayne Water: Aiding Water Quality Since 1928

While at-home water testing without a kit won’t reveal accurate results for which chemicals are contaminating your water, the simple tests above can help you establish a baseline for general water quality. For more nuanced results, consult with water purification professionals in your area to determine which contaminants are present in your water supply and develop a mitigation plan.

At Rayne Water, that’s exactly what we do. Our team has been helping homeowners in the southwest since 1928, and we continue to operate with one express purpose—providing clean, nutritious, and tasty water to home and business owners to promote wellness, reduce exposure to harmful contaminants, and improve the qualitative water experience.

From reverse osmosis systems to ion exchange filters and more, Rayne Water has a solution that can resolve your specific water quality qualms. If you’re ready to improve your at-home water quality, contact us for a free consultation. 



  1. US Department of the Interior. Hardness of Water. 
  2. United States Environmental Protection Agency. Where this occurs: Ground Water and Drinking Water. 
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Drinking Water Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs). 
  4. United States Environmental Protection Agency. Drinking Water Regulations. 
  5. US Environmental Protection Agency. Total Solids. 

Where Does Bakersfield Get Its Water?

Posted by Rayne Water

Whether you’re a lifelong Bakersfield resdent or  new transplant to one of California’s most populous cities, you may wonder about the source of one of your most important utilities—where does Bakersfield get its water?

In this article, we’ll discuss Bakersfield’s five main water sources. Since local water supplies are always at risk for potential contamination, we’ll also explore common Bakersfield water contamination threats and mitigation strategies that can protect your home, business, factory, or farm. 

Bakersfield Water Sources

California Water Service (CWS) provides clean drinking water access throughout Bakersfield and the surrounding Kern County area.1 So, where does CWS get the water it provides to homes, businesses, manufacturing facilities, and farms? Is tap water safe in Bakersfield, CA?

Let’s take a closer look at the sources.

#1 Groundwater Wells

CWS extracts most of Kern County’s water from groundwater wells—approximately 36% of the water supply.2

Wells provide groundwater from the water table—the point underground at which all soil, rocks, and organisms are completely submerged in water—and this water is often treated with purification agents or filtered before transport in the local plumbing infrastructure.3

CWS produces water for Kern County via 69 active wells in the surrounding area. These wells offer some significant benefits for consumers, government agencies, and water producers alike:

Reverse Osmosis Systems starting at only $25/mo. Try before you buy!

#2 State Water Project—The California Aqueduct

The California State Water Project (SWP) is a massive infrastructure system that stores and transports water to over 27 million Californians.4 The 705-mile long network incorporates numerous water storage, transport, and management technologies, like:

These combined technologies provide water throughout the state, and the system is sometimes referred to as The California Aqueduct. 

The California Aqueduct provides approximately 26% of Kern County’s water, making it the second-largest source after groundwater wells.2 The project offers other benefits to the state:

California Water Service purchases water from the California Department of Water Resources to supplement the supply generated from groundwater wells.

#3 Kern River

Bakersfield gets 20% of its water from the Kern River.2

The Kern River originates in the southern Sierra Nevada mountains, where it’s primarily fed by snowmelt from peaks like Mount Ericsson and Mount Whitney.5 Furthermore, the North Fork of the Kern River  between the Johnsondale bridge and Lake Isabella. 

Before Kern river water flows through Bakersfield, the river passes through Sequoia National Park and Sequoia National Forest, across rocky granite ledges, and around wetland habitats. With its 30 feet per mile gradient, it’s one of the steepest rivers in North America.

While adventurers can try their luck on the steep Class IV and V rapids, water suppliers—luckily—don’t have to board a white water raft to supply the Bakersfield area with Kern river water. 

Since the river passes directly through the city and surrounding areas, providers can supplement the groundwater well, and State Water Project reserves with water delivered from the highest peaks of California’s snowy mountains. 

After it flows through Bakersfield, the Kern River joins a series of canals in nearby Tupman. 

#4 Federal Water Projects

The Bakersfield water supply receives 12% of its water supply from two major infrastructure systems developed by the US Bureau of Reclamation:2

These federally-managed water systems primarily supply agricultural and industrial businesses throughout the area, mostly due to the systems’ respective proximities to farmland. 

However, both sources have received their fair share of negative publicity—in 2006, Friant Dam (which helps control the canal flow and water level) caused reduced river flow in the San Joaquin River, resulting in decimated seasonal salmon runs that year. Efforts to rehabilitate the area and San Joaquin River are still ongoing. 

Additionally, the CVP originally planned on installing infrastructure to capture agricultural runoff, but this portion of the project was left unfinished for multiple years. As a result, mineral buildup from the runoff has posed contamination risks to the water supply.8

#5 Local Streams and Other Sources

Bakersfield and the surrounding Kern County area derive 6% of their water supply from local streams and other sources.2

To recap, Bakersfield’s other water sources—and their share of the water supply—include:

To supplement these sources—which supply 94% of the region’s water—water suppliers turn to small rivers, creeks, and canals. For instance, suppliers can source water from Poso Creek, a small canal originating in the Kern National Wildlife Refuge, when they need to bolster collection efforts. 

Supplying water to homes, businesses, industrial operations, and farms require cooperation from multiple parties and favorable conditions in a variety of water sources. 

Contaminant Considerations for the Water Supply

We’ve explored where Bakersfield gets its water.

As you can see, some of that water takes a long journey before reaching its destination. While water usually goes through a purification process, it’s natural to wonder about the quality of your water supply. 

Next, we’ll talk about the contamination possibilities that could affect the safety of your home, business, factory, or farm water supply. While some of what you are about to read may be concerning it is imperative to understand that the contaminants listed may or may not be in your water and it is always recommended that you contact your local Rayne Representative today for the best recommendation for your water treatment. 

#1 Physical Contaminants

The United States Environmental Protection Agency’s Safe Drinking Water Act outlines four kinds of drinking water contaminants:9

  1. Physical
  2. Chemical
  3. Biological
  4. Radiological

The physical water contaminants mainly impact the physical qualities of drinking water—odor, color, clarity, and taste. Common physical water contaminants include sediments (silt, soil, and sand) or any suspended organic matter (small plants or rocks). 

Since most of Bakersfield’s water comes from groundwater wells, large-scale water transport infrastructure, and the Kern River, the local water supply is susceptible to physical contaminants due to soil erosion around wells and silt runoff into rivers, reservoirs, and the water table. 

Water suppliers   filter out a portion of physical contaminants, but small particles can still make it through your faucet. A high-quality reverse osmosis system can help filter contaminants from your water supply if you’re unsatisfied with its color, odor, taste, or clarity.

#2 Chemical Contaminants

Chemical contaminants—which can be manmade or naturally occurring—can react with molecules to cause chemical reactions in the water supply.9 Some examples include:

You may be able to see the results of chemical contaminants if you have hard water stains near faucets and drains in your home or office. When water is contaminated with high levels of dissolved calcium and magnesium, these chemicals can build up on plumbing fixtures and inside pipes—a sign that you have hard water in your home.10

While you may be able to observe some physical results of chemical contaminants (e.g., hard water stains) remember that not all chemical reactions are visible to the naked eye. 

For instance, oversaturation of nitrogen in drinking water can cause chemical reactions that create unsafe levels of ammonia or nitrous oxide in the water supply.11 Excess nitrogen can also lead to rapid algae growth—an unwelcome visitor in any drinking water source. 

If chemical contaminants—including calcium and magnesium, which create hard water—are a concern in your home, consider installing a Rayne water softener or explore a portable exchange tank solution. 

#3 Biological Contaminants

Biological contaminants are living organisms that may take up residence in drinking water.9 Also commonly called microorganisms or microbiological contaminants, they can create a variety of health risks. Some biological contaminants can make you very sick. Examples of these contaminants include:

#4 Radiological Contaminants

Radiologic contamination is caused by unstable elements like plutonium, uranium, and cesium. These can emit ionizing radiation.9 As you can imagine, radiation can create a variety of hazards, from household material degradation to physical illness.

You can rest assured knowing that radiological contaminants are very well-regulated by a variety of natural resource and public health authorities across the US, including the Environmental Protection Agency. If you believe that your water is contaminated with radioactive material, you should seek medical treatment and alert your local utility authorities right away. 

Rayne Water Conditioning: Drink Bakersfield Water with Confidence

Bakersfield water comes from a variety of sources, all of which are susceptible to a variety of contaminants. While not all contaminants in “clean drinking water” create health risks, it’s important to monitor the water quality in your home, business, manufacturing facility, or farm carefully.

For those who seek peace of mind and more control over their water content, Rayne Water Conditioning is here to help. Since 1928, we’ve been supplying families, businesses, factories, and farms with water quality solutions that meet their needs. 

Our experts can help you find the perfect solution for your water quality woes at home or at work. 

Sometimes, you simply can’t take risks with your water quality. When you’re ready to transform your tap water for the better, contact us for a free consultation.

Find a location near you!



  1. California Water Service. District Information: Bakersfield. 
  2. Water Association of Kern County. Water in Kern County. 
  3. US Department of the Interior. Groundwater Wells. 
  4. California Department of Water Resources. State Water Project. 
  5. National Wild and Scenic Rivers System. Kern River, California. 
  6. US Bureau of Reclamation. Central Valley Project. 
  7. Water Education Foundation. Friant-Kern Canal. 
  8. Water Education Foundation. Central Valley Project.
  9. United States Environmental Protection Agency. Types of Drinking Water Contaminants. 
  10. US Department of the Interior. Hardness of Water. 
  11. US Environmental Protection Agency. Nutrient Pollution. 
  12. National Library of Medicine. Waterborne Viruses: A Barrier to Safe Drinking Water. 
  13. Mayo Clinic. Giardia Infection (Giardiasis).
  14. “Upper Kern River
    Sequoia National Forest.” USDA.

Is Santa Clarita Tap Water Safe to Drink?

Posted by Rayne Water

Whether you recently moved to sunny Santa Clarita or you’re a long-time local, you may be wondering how safe Santa Clarita tap water is—for drinking, cooking, and everything in between. 

While the Santa Clarita water is treated by local water service authorities, contamination is always possible. In this article, we’ll explore some potential unwelcome visitors that could be wreaking havoc on your plumbing equipment or even your health. 

Potential Contaminants in Santa Clarita Drinking Water

Santa Clarita tap water is like the drinking water supply anywhere else—it’s treated to prevent contamination and reduce the total dissolved solids. Nonetheless, contamination accidents are always a possibility. Let’s explore some common contaminants that may or may not be in your local water supply as  well as potential water quality solutions. 

#1 Biological Contaminants

Biological contaminants are some of the most important to monitor. They can impact the physical qualities of your water, including its taste, odor, color, and clarity. They can also significantly impact your health.

There are four major types of biological (also called microbial or microbiological) contaminants:1

Santa Clarita residents who worry about potential biological contaminants may benefit from a reverse osmosis system for their homes, which can provide a consistent purified water source. However, even with reverse osmosis there still is a chance the contaminants remain depending on the contamination level of the water.

Water Softener Systems starting at only $35/mo. Try before you buy!

#2 Calcium and Magnesium

Hard water is caused by high concentrations of calcium and magnesium in your  water.6 You might have hard water if you notice any of the following common signs:

Calcium and magnesium can also impact the overall quality and taste of your home tap water.    More importantly, they can also damage both your plumbing fixtures and your overall plumbing system. As calcium and magnesium solids build up in your pipes,   The scale can cause pipe bursts, leaks, and significantly reduced water flow.. 

While the city has strict rules for at-home water treatment equipment, homeowners with hard water should consider the salt free water options Santa Clarita which helps combat scaling and plumbing damage. 

#3 Arsenic

Arsenic is a naturally occurring substance, but it can cause significant health concerns in high concentrations.7 There are a few key things to know about potential arsenic contamination:

Heating and boiling will not remove arsenic—in fact, boiling water can actually increase the concentration of arsenic since evaporation during boiling will reduce water volume. If you’re concerned about potential arsenic contamination in your home water supply, you should consider a whole-home water filtration solution. 

#4 Nitrates

Nitrates, like arsenic, are naturally occurring—in fact, they’re vital in small quantities for human and ecosystem survival.8 

When nitrogen ions bind to water or ozone molecules in a chemical reaction, they can create nitrate and nitrite compounds, which can be dangerous to your health in high concentrations—especially if you’re pregnant. 

There are a few reasons why nitrates might contaminate your water supply:

Nitrates require very specific water treatment methods. They can’t be removed by boiling, using a mechanical water filter (like activated charcoal products commonly found in water filter pitchers), or chemically disinfecting the water via chlorination. 

Reverse osmosis systems can, however, help eliminate this pesky contaminant from your home’s water supply. 

Rayne Water Conditioning: Providing Santa Clarita with Safe, Delicious Water

While water in Santa Clarita and the surrounding area is treated by local water providers and monitored by regulatory agencies, there’s always a possibility for contamination. In a world where anything can happen, proper equipment and expert advice are readily available to protect the health and safety of your family and your home’s plumbing system.

At Rayne Water Conditioning, we’re passionate about bringing clean water to homes in Santa Clarita and beyond—we’ve been serving California since 1928, and our experts can help homeowners anywhere in the state achieve their water treatment goals. 

Plus, our blog is full of important industry information that can increase consumers’ awareness of common water issues. Is tap water safe to drink in Orange County? Is tap water safe in Bakersfield, CA? You can find the answers to these questions—and numerous others—on our blog.

If you’re ready to take the plunge into clean, healthy, and delicious household tap water, contact us for a free consultation today. 

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  1.  US Environmental protection Agency. Types of Drinking Water Contaminants. 
  2. National Library of Medicine. Waterborne Viruses: A Barrier to Safe Drinking Water. 
  3.  California Healthline. Fecal bacteria in California’s Waterways Increases with Homeless Crisis. 
  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Parasites – Giardia. 
  5. National Library of Medicine. Protozoan Parasites in Drinking Water: A System Approach for Improved Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Developing Countries. 
  6. US Department of the Interior. Hardness of Water. 
  7. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Arsenic. 
  8.  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Nitrate.