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Archive for October, 2022

The EPA Water Quality Standards

Posted by Rayne Water


Amidst climate change and crises like the Flint, Michigan water debacle in 2014, the importance of EPA water quality and its standards has never been more evident.

From the free-flowing water from our faucets to the vast selection of bottled water at markets, ensuring access to clean, safe water is crucial.

But how do these standards work, and why are they so important? Let’s delve into the world of EPA water quality standards.

What is the EPA?

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is an independent agency of the U.S. federal government, established in the 1970s by President Nixon.

Its main responsibility is protecting environmental and human health, which includes ensuring we have clean land, air, and water.

What are the EPA Water Quality Standards?

The Clean Water Act of 1972 was a pivotal response to the nation’s concerns about water health. It aimed to reduce water contamination and prevent water pollution.

Under this act, the EPA sets standards to ensure our drinking and utility water is safe. These include both primary and secondary regulations.

Learn More: Why Are Water Quality Standards Important?

Contaminant Classifications

The EPA classifies water contaminants into several categories:

Risks of Non-Compliance with EPA Water Quality Standards

Ignoring EPA water quality standards has its consequences. The Flint crisis is a reminder of how water quality issues can profoundly impact health and community wellbeing.

Non-compliance will lead to contaminated water, posing risks like lead exposure, Legionnaires’ Disease, and gastrointestinal problems.

Is Your Water Safe?

The safety of your water depends on its source. Municipal water systems are generally regulated, but private wells require individual testing and maintenance.

Evaluating Water Quality Parameters

The EPA sets water quality standards by assessing various parameters. These include pH levels, dissolved oxygen, nutrient levels, and contaminants.

Such assessments help maintain safe and healthy water for both human consumption and aquatic life.

The EPA’s criteria are based on the latest scientific knowledge about the impact of pollutants on health and the environment.

These guidelines are detailed in the EPA’s National Recommended Water Quality Criteria, which covers around 150 pollutants​​​​​​.

Technological Advances in Water Quality Monitoring

The Washington State Lake Protection Association reports that recent advancements in water quality monitoring technologies have greatly improved our ability to meet EPA standards.

Innovations include platforms like the Aqua TROLL, which monitors various water quality parameters in real-time. Biosensors and portable devices like the OASIS are also making strides in water quality assessment.

Additionally, satellite and drone imaging are being used for inaccessible water bodies, and machine learning and advanced sensors are revolutionizing water quality prediction and management​​​​​​.

At Rayne Water, we have been the one-stop shop for residential & commercial water treatment customers for nearly a century.

Community Engagement and Advocacy for Water Quality

Community engagement is key to improving and maintaining water quality, meeting EPA water quality standards.

When communities get involved, they help shape water projects to be more beneficial.

This can include anything from upgrading facilities to creating new community resources, ensuring adherence to both primary and secondary EPA drinking water standards.

The benefits of community involvement are significant. It increases awareness about water quality issues, encourages residents to take responsibility, and holds local authorities accountable.

According to Save The Water, the United States Geological Survey and citizen groups provide crucial data for these efforts. The EPA supports these initiatives with resources and funding.

You Might Like: Water Pollution: Bad for Humans and Animals Alike

Find Peace of Mind with Rayne Water

EPA water quality standards play a vital role in maintaining the safety and cleanliness of our water. However, despite EPA efforts, the risk of contamination remains, stressing the importance of regular water testing and filtration.

Rayne Water offers solutions to ensure your water meets both residential and commercial standards, from filtration systems to reverse osmosis solutions.

Trust us to provide you with the gift of life: pure, healthy water. Contact your local Rayne Water office today.


What are EPA water quality standards?

EPA water quality standards are guidelines and legal limits set by the Environmental Protection Agency to ensure water is safe for various uses, including drinking, swimming, and as a habitat for aquatic life. These standards are based on scientific research and help protect human health and the environment​​​​.

How does technology help in monitoring water quality?

Advanced technology, like multiparameter sensors, biosensors, and portable devices, helps in real-time monitoring and precise assessment of water quality. Innovations like satellite and drone imaging are also used for monitoring hard-to-access water bodies, while machine learning and advanced sensors are improving water quality prediction and management​​​​​​.

Why is community engagement important in water quality improvement?

Community engagement is crucial because it raises awareness, increases accountability, and encourages proactive participation in water quality improvement. Engaged communities can influence policy, contribute to scientific data collection, and ensure sustainable water management practices​​​​​​.

What role do citizens play in water quality monitoring?

Citizens can participate in water quality monitoring through citizen science initiatives. They help gather essential data, especially in areas where professional resources are limited. This grassroots involvement is vital for maintaining healthy watersheds and ensuring adherence to water quality standards​​.

How are EPA water quality standards set and updated?

EPA water quality standards are set based on the latest scientific knowledge about the impacts of pollutants on human health and the environment. These standards are regularly reviewed and updated to reflect new scientific findings, ensuring that they remain effective in protecting water quality and public health​​​​​​.

Why Are Water Quality Standards Important?

Posted by Rayne Water

We all depend on water. From the water that flows through our homes to the water used in industries like petroleum refineries and food production, understanding why water quality is important and adhering to drinking water quality standards improves our lives in countless ways.

But what exactly defines high-quality water? And why are water quality standards crucial?

Water quality standards, particularly those set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), help maintain a healthy water supply and promotes better quality of the water we consume.

Benefits of High-Quality Water

According to the 1972 Clean Water Act, the EPA follows a set of water quality standards aimed at reducing contamination in drinking, recreational, agricultural, and industrial water.

This monitoring encompasses many contaminants, including microorganisms, disinfectants, chemicals, and radionuclide mineral deposits.

Clean water is essential for the health of plants, animals, and humans.

Other advantages include:

The EPA also requires that bodies of water designated for specific uses, such as recreation, drinking, agriculture, industry, and wildlife protection, maintain a certain quality level.

For example, water officially designated for these purposes must have sufficiently low levels of pollutants.

Learn More: The EPA Water Quality Standards

How Pollutant Levels Are Determined

In the U.S., water is deemed safe to drink if it meets the EPA’s water quality standards.

Since 1974, the EPA has required public water suppliers to ensure their water is sufficiently free of certain chemicals, germs, and other pollutants.

These regulations fall into two categories:

Water from private commercial sources, like bottled water companies, falls under the Food and Drug Administration’s regulation, not the EPA’s.

Generally, tap water is considered safer than bottled water due to the EPA’s more stringent reporting and disclosure requirements.

Protecting Natural Water Sources

Understanding the most common sources of pollutants is key to protecting water sources and maintaining water quality standards.

Every two years, the EPA requires states to report on the quality of their waters in the National Water Quality Inventory Report to Congress.

This report assesses the overall biological health of the nation’s rivers and streams.

We can take clear steps to protect our water sources both immediately and in the long term.

This includes reducing agricultural runoff, minimizing atmospheric deposition from emissions, and avoiding modifications to natural water paths.

Overall, communities should regularly analyze pollution sources to mitigate contamination and maintain safe, clean water.

How to Improve the Quality of Your Water

Adhering to water quality standards is vital for health, so it’s crucial to ensure your water supply meets these standards.

Water treatment specialists can help evaluate and improve your water quality.

Methods include using water softeners, salt-free systems, hybrid softener-conditioners, reverse osmosis systems, portable exchange services, and bottleless water coolers.

Investing in water quality can significantly improve your life and business – one drop at a time.

Rayne Water has been the one-stop shop for residential & commercial water treatment customers for nearly a century.

Public Health Impact of Poor Water Quality

Poor water quality poses major public health risks by spreading diseases like diarrhea, cholera, and hepatitis A.

Over 2 billion people in water-stressed areas are at risk, with unsafe drinking water causing around 505,000 deaths yearly.

The CDC emphasizes the need for regular testing of water sources, especially unregulated private wells, for contaminants like bacteria and chemicals.

You Might Like: 5 Contaminants in Your Drinking Water

Ecosystem Vulnerability and Biodiversity

According to Conserve Energy Future, water quality is crucial for maintaining healthy ecosystems and biodiversity. Polluted water harms aquatic life by disrupting food chains and creating dead zones where life can’t survive.

For instance, toxic substances like lead can be ingested by small aquatic creatures and then passed up the food chain.

Fertilizers from agriculture can cause excessive nutrient build-up in water, leading to eutrophication, where algae overgrowth depletes oxygen and forces aquatic life to leave.

Regulatory Frameworks and International Collaboration

International organizations and governments play a crucial role in setting and enforcing water quality standards.

UNESCO’s International Initiative on Water Quality (IIWQ) focuses on global collaboration to improve freshwater quality and address water pollution threats to health and ecosystems.

It promotes scientific cooperation, knowledge sharing, and innovative policy solutions worldwide​​​​.

Additionally, UN Water is working on developing global water quality guidelines for aquatic ecosystems. These guidelines provide a regulatory framework for countries to prevent and control pollution in aquatic environments, therefore enhancing water quality globally​​.

Improve Your Water Quality with Rayne Water

Rayne Water has been dedicated to improving water quality since 1928, providing high-quality water treatment systems for homes, businesses, and industries.

Our commitment to meeting industrial water quality requirements ensures every drop of water enhances your daily life, from the office water cooler to your morning glass of water.

Trust us to provide you with the gift of life: pure, healthy water. Contact your local Rayne Water office today.


What are water quality standards?

Water quality standards are regulations or guidelines set by government agencies and international organizations to ensure the safety and cleanliness of water. These standards specify the permissible levels of pollutants in water to protect human health and the environment.

Why are water quality standards important?

Water quality standards are important because they safeguard public health by ensuring that water is safe for drinking, recreation, and other uses. They also protect aquatic life and ecosystems from harmful pollutants.

How are drinking water quality standards determined?

Drinking water quality standards are determined based on scientific research, health studies, and environmental considerations. Agencies like the EPA or international bodies like the WHO set these standards to control the presence of contaminants in water, ensuring it is safe for human consumption.

What role do international organizations play in water quality?

International organizations, such as UNESCO and UN Water, play a significant role in establishing global water quality guidelines, promoting scientific collaboration, and supporting member countries in implementing water quality measures. They facilitate knowledge sharing and the development of best practices to tackle water quality challenges globally.

Can individuals contribute to maintaining water quality standards?

Yes, individuals can contribute by reducing the use of pollutants, properly disposing of hazardous materials, conserving water, and supporting sustainable practices. Public awareness and community involvement are crucial in maintaining water quality standards.

Ways to Pass Commercial and Industrial Water Quality Requirements

Posted by Rayne Water


*Reviewed by Ken Christopher, Senior Vice President at Rayne Dealership Corporation

From oil refineries to paper-making companies, manufacturers and businesses account for 22% of global water usage.1

Depending on your trade, you may already know how integral water systems are to business (hydroelectric power engineer? You’re on it). Or, it may not enter your mind until you go for a glass of tap in the lounge, take a sip, and wonder if you should’ve brought a bottle from home instead.

Regardless of how often you think about it, every business is subject to industrial water quality requirements to ensure the safety and quality of their water. The water quality standard applies to the entire water supply no matter the designated uses. If you aren’t sure how to ensure compliance with federal, state, and local regulations, this guide will show you what you need to know, and where to start.

What Should Businesses Know About Industrial Water Requirements?

Modern industrial water requirements date back to the Clean Water Act of 1972. This legislation was passed to shield the environment and humans against toxic or otherwise unsafe chemicals, whether naturally arising or caused by industrial waste.

Today, the Environmental Protection Agency, EPA, requires businesses to perform several or all of the following functions related to water quality, depending on the nature of their operations:2

Additionally, certain businesses—particularly those in the agriculture sector or energy industry—must comply with local and federal standards for environmental welfare. All of the following can help protect the quality of water:

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5 Ways to Pass Commercial and Industrial Water Requirements

Whether you’re a new business or an established manufacturer thousands of customers trust, staying up to code and adhering to EPA water quality standards can seem like a tall order. Fortunately, these 6 methods can help you pass the inspections every business can expect to endure:

  1. Stay on top of new mandates – Regulations are continually updated or introduced, as industrial water requirements are constantly changing. Moreover, if you operate in several states or local regions, you’ll need to stay apprised of their individual regulations. You may find that some states exempt you from certain permits, while others require you to secure and renew them to stay compliant.
  2. Partner with a Rayne Water quality consultant – If you don’t have the bandwidth to stay on top of local and federal regulations, work with an expert. A water quality consulting service can provide you with safe, current solutions specified to your facility and your industry, ensuring you’ll pass local inspections.
  3. Prioritize water quality monitoring – Water quality monitoring and testing can help you meet compliance mandates and protect your employees. Once you learn how to test water quality, it should be conducted regularly, as changes in both your facilities’ conduct and the environment can cause water quality to change often.
  4. Invest in a commercial water filtration system – Everyone from local wineries to sprawling agricultural firms can benefit from an industrial filtration system. These will mechanically remove the impurities and potential contaminants from water, including:
    • Common chemicals like chlorine
    • Heavy metals like arsenic, copper, and iron
    • Bacteria
    • Lead
  5. Use an industrial water softener – Also called commercial water softeners, these systems remove “hard water” minerals like magnesium and calcium, which are known to damage pipes and threaten your infrastructure. While the EPA doesn’t test for the hardness of water, water softener can save money by helping to protect your facility’s machinery.4

What Happens If These Requirements Aren’t Met?

Curious as to why water quality standards important? If a commercial facility is found in violation of the Clean Water Act, it may face several consequences. These could be minor, like a notice requiring them to update their quality control, but depending on severity they could be fatal to a business.

In order of escalating severity, these are the most common penalties:5

If protecting your employees, your business’ reputation, and your bottom line is important to you, one of the best things you can do is start with the fundamentals. And when you can find a trustworthy partner who understands modern water conditioning systems, you’ll earn the trust of your customers, employees, peers, and local community.

Rayne Water: Control Water Quality with Quality Service

Keeping up with water quality standards and Passing your next water inspection can feel daunting, but it doesn’t have to be. When you work with Rayne Water, you’ll receive expert guidance from professionals who’ve been improving commercial water quality for nearly a century.

Whether you’re a retreat center looking to abolish hard water chemicals or a local farm in Bakersfield aiming to keep animal waste out of local water systems, our consultants want to help you find the best solution with a commercial water softener or a commercial reverse osmosis system. Let us steer you and your business in the right direction by contacting us today.



  1. ScienceDirect. Industrial water use–an overview.
  2. EPA. Water enforcement.
  3. MATEC Web of Conferences. Major Contaminants in Industrial and Domestic Wastewater.
  4. USGS. Do you have information about water hardness in the United States?
  5. Clean Water Services. Enforcement response plan.
  6. CDC. Industrial water: other uses of water, healthy water.
  7. EPA. Industrial wastewater.
  8. Medical News Today. Water pollution and human health.
  9. Environmental Protection Agency. National Pretreatment Program.
  10. EPA. Water enforcement.

Expert Reviewer – Ken Christopher


How to Test Water Quality

Posted by Rayne Water


*Reviewed by Ken Christopher, Senior Vice President at Rayne Dealership Corporation

There’s no doubting the phrase, water is life. As with sunlight, no life could subsist without water.1 It was this microscopic molecular bond of hydrogen and oxygen that led Leonardo da Vinci to claim that water serves as the ultimate driving force of nature.2

Although da Vinci recognized this truth eight centuries ago, water’s precious status has only intensified since then, making pure, clean water ever more a rarity.

As such, it’s critically important to know how to test water quality to ensure the health and safety of you and your home, whether that’s testing your drinking water quality or overall supply. Fortunately, there are a variety of home tests and water filtration systems that you can utilize to keep your water quality up to EPA water quality standards.

What Is Water Quality Testing?

To start, there is no one type of water testing—a variety of gadgets and kits exist to gauge the quality of your water. Their mission is singular: to detect the presence of certain particles (chemicals or bacteria) in water. This can include testing for dissolved solids and total hardness.

What to Test For

If you’re going to be testing your water, you’ll need to know what to look for. These kits typically detect a variety of contaminants, including:

Based on the water source, you may need to do more specific testing. If you live rurally and get your water locally, like from a well, it’s a good idea to test it for pesticides and any other common agricultural and outdoor toxins. That said, city dwellers should carry out additional checks for levels of radon, copper, fluoride, and arsenic in their urban water supply.3

Drinking Water Systems

3 Ways to Properly Test Your Water Quality

Listed below are a few of the most common ways to conduct a water quality test, some of which you can use in the comfort of your own home.

#1 Water Quality Test Strips

Commonly used for checking the chlorination of home swimming pools, test strips are an extremely swift and simple way to measure water quality using an easy-to-read visual cue. Just follow these simple steps:

  1. Fill a clean container (could be a jar, or small bowl) with nothing but the test water.
  2. Dip the opened testing strip into the container of water.
  3. Immediately remove the testing strip, and gently shake off any excess water.
  4. Wait the appropriate time as designated by your kit (usually no more than a minute).
  5. Use the included color chart to locate the match to your strip’s color.

Using this matched color—which indicates the level of potency of the particulate you are testing for—you’re able to complete water quality testing in a matter of seconds.

#2 Utilize A Qualified Rayne Water Representative

You can also conduct a water purity test at home with a qualified Rayne Water representative. We can come to your home and test your water for a variety of contaminants.

#3 Powder Kits

Powder-based testing kits serve the unique purpose of detecting bacteria in the water. When using powder kits, you will:4

  1. Add the appropriate amount of water as designated by your kit to your provided container. Double-check to ensure the powder agent is already included in the container.
  2. Replace the container’s lid and shake vigorously until the powder has fully dissolved. The color should have changed into a newly colored shade from its original translucency.5

Some powder kits allow you to send the resulting sample to a lab for bacterial testing. Otherwise, there will be resources on the kit’s container to guide you through translating each shade into a properly legible gauge of bacterial presence.

The Importance of Water Quality Testing

Fresh, potable water on Earth makes up only a mere 0.5% of all water—which is absolutely shocking when considering that water constitutes about three-quarters of our planet’s surface.6

Combined with the knowledge that our global water supply flows thick with pollutants (80% of wastewater on Earth returns, often untreated, to pristine bodies of water),7 it’s more important than ever to know the composition of what’s flowing out of your tap.

Still curious as to why are water quality standards important? By learning how to test water quality and putting that knowledge into action, you can prevent certain illnesses, stay aware of contaminants in your water, and safeguard your pipes.

Prevent Pollutants in Your Water: Filter With Rayne Water

Testing your water quality is critical to the safety of you and your home. In addition to regularly testing your water, you can also add water filtration systems to your home that mitigate harmful toxins and contaminants in your water.

For fresh, clean water, look to Rayne Water.

Our cutting-edge products feature water treatment systems ranging from the latest salt-free water softener to a reverse osmosis water filter that may eliminate over 95% of pollutants.8 With Rayne Water, you can rest assured that your water meets residential or industrial water quality requirements —making for a healthier you and a healthier planet.8


  1. Water New South Wales. Water is Life.
  2. New York Rural Water Association. Leonardo da Vinci Water Quotes.
  3. Center for Disease Control. Chemicals That Can Contaminate Tap Water.
  4. Safewise. Best Water Testing Kits.
  5. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. Coliform Bacteria Sampling Instructions and Best Practices.
  6. Bureau of Reclamation California Great Basin. Water Facts – Worldwide Water Supply.
  7. UNESCO. The United Nations World Water Development Report: Wastewater, the Untapped Resource,
  8. Rayne Water. Our History.
  9. Hach. Color Disc Test Kits.
  10. Thurston Public Utility District.


Expert Reviewer – Ken Christopher