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Burbank Water Quality 2022

Posted by Rayne Water


*Reviewed by Ken Christopher, Senior Vice President at Rayne Dealership Corporation

Burbank is the suburb that local Angelenos can’t help but love. After all, Hollywood glitz and glamor extend north into Burbank, where you’re just as likely to encounter regular families as celebrities. While there’s certainly a lot to love about this Southern California town, the taste of the tap water might not be one of those things.

Whether you’re a long-time Burbank resident or just stopping by for a visit to the Warner Brothers Studio backlot, keep reading for a full guide to Burbank’s current water quality.1 

We’ll discuss where tap water comes from, how the city treats it, what affects its quality, and how you can improve it at home. Grab a glass of water, and let’s dive in.

Burbank Water Sources

Your water has quite the journey to make before it arrives at your tap, especially in Burbank. The city doesn’t actually own any of the naturally occurring water underneath its soil. Instead, it purchases water from the Metropolitan Water District (MWD).2 

The MWD is a wholesaler supplier of water across Southern California. While it receives its water from sources such as San Francisco Bay Delta,3 its two primary sources:4

Burbank purchases water from the MWD. When this water is recycled and returned to aquifers beneath Burbank, the city receives additional groundwater credits.2

As a result, Burbank residents receive recycled water from three sources:2

  1. Stored Ground Water – 47% of the city’s water comes from untreated water in underground aquifers. This is water Burbank has purchased, imported, and added to its own aquifers. The city pumps this water from wells.
  2. State Water Project – 33% of the water comes from the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta in Northern California. However, this source is environmentally vulnerable, which could significantly impact California’s future.
  3. Ground Water Credits – 20% of the city’s water also comes from underground aquifers, specifically in return for recycling the water it imports back into the city’s aquifers.

If all that sounds incredibly complicated, don’t worry. It is. Drought-prone California walks a fine line to continue providing enough water to its increasing population.

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The Water Treatment Process

All of the sources of water noted above must undergo a treatment process before they are safe to drink. This process is essential to ensure that the Burbank water quality meets all necessary standards. 

The source of the water affects how much the water must be treated. Groundwater doesn’t usually require as much treatment as source water, which comes from lakes, rivers, and streams. Regardless, the treatment process removes things like:5

To deliver safe drinking water to their communities, treatment plants follow a five-step process:5

  1. Coagulation – Particles like dirt have a negative charge in water. To remove them, the treatment plant adds chemicals with a positive charge like salts, aluminum, or iron. These chemicals neutralize the negative charge and bind to the particles, increasing their size.
  2. Flocculation – The treatment plant uses additional chemicals and mixes the water so that the particles become larger and heavier. These groups of particles are called flocs.
  3. Sedimentation – These flocs are heavier than the water, so they settle at the bottom, separating from the clean water at the top.
  4. Filtration – The treatment plant refines the water at the top using filters with different pore sizes to remove dissolved particles, pollutants, and germs. They can also filter for odor and taste using activated carbon filters or reverse osmosis systems.
  5. Disinfection – The treatment plant disinfects the filtered water using chemicals like chlorine or using UV light or ozone. Any of these options disinfect the water, but the chlorine will also kill any germs in the pipes when the water travels through them. The treatment plant might also adjust the pH of the water for taste and to protect pipes. They will also usually add fluoride to support oral health.

After this five-step process is complete, clean and safe water travels through the pipes and to your faucet.

Water Quality in Burbank

Clean water is essential to protect your health. In less developed countries, untreated water can contain waterborne diseases such as typhoid fever or cholera. Even in the United States, untreated water can spread illnesses like:6

Untreated water can also expose you to chemicals with disastrous effects on your health. Those effects depend on the levels of the chemicals, but they still exist. More specifically:6

Common chemical contaminants like arsenic, benzene, and uranium have federal limits regarding their concentration in tap water. There is a growing concern, however, about other chemicals, such as PFAs, or perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances.7 

What are PFAs?

PFAs are referred to as “forever chemicals” because they can remain in your body long-term and they take hundreds of years to break down in the environment. Their usage is widespread in products from cookware to dental floss. As a result, they contaminate many different sources of water.7 

Exposure to these chemicals at levels higher than one part per trillion can increase your risk of developing a wide range of conditions from liver tumors to high cholesterol, and a 2021 estimate found that the majority of Americans drink tap water with concentrations of PFAs that are too high.7 

In 2022, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) set more aggressive limits on PFAs in water. However, these guidelines are not legally binding.8 Because of these chemicals, locals in other cities are worried about the quality of their water. Even as nearby as Pasadena, people are thinking, “Is Pasadena water safe to drink?” Not just in Burbank but the Pasadena water restrictions and West Covina water restrictions have become more stringent because of PFAs.

While drinking water quality standards regarding PFAs are a major priority for the state of California, there are no standards yet for the maximum contaminant levels of PFAs.9

While emerging research into chemicals like PFAs is a concern, as of now, the water in Burbank meets or exceeds both state and federal standards for water quality. Each year Burbank Water and Power releases an annual report with data on over 162 elements it tests for in the city’s drinking water. Consumers can read through this water quality report and feel confident about the water they’re drinking.10

To continue providing safe and reliable water to all of its residents, the city of Burbank is also investing in its infrastructure. The majority of the city’s water pipes are over 80 years old. As a result, the city has begun to replace them. While this will ensure long-term access to clean water, it is one factor that has raised water costs for residents.11

How to Improve Water Quality at Home

The City of Burbank works hard to deliver clean water to its residents, but there are also many strategies you can use at home to improve your water quality. If you have specific concerns about contaminants in your water, you can use Rayne Water to determine both the water’s quality and any potential contaminants. 

Even if the water is safe to drink, there are many reasons Burbank residents might want to treat it more thoroughly. For example, while disinfectants like chlorine keep the water safe, they can cause unfavorable tastes and smells as well as damage to hair, skin, and even your health.12

Moreover, water can become contaminated during the distribution process. This occurs when lead or copper pipes corrode or when there is a breach in the plumbing system. Additionally, byproducts of the treatment process like trihalomethanes can be bad for your health.6

Using a reverse osmosis system can protect your drinking water from bacteria and viruses.12 These systems may also improve water taste, which is one of the major concerns most Burbank locals have. While most drinking water might be safe, it isn’t always enjoyable.

Why? Most cities in Southern California have what’s called “hard water.”13

This means that the water contains higher levels of certain minerals like calcium and magnesium. While hard water isn’t dangerous outright, there are several reasons you might prefer “soft water.” The benefits of soft water include:14

  1. Cleanliness – Hard water can leave behind mineral buildup on pipes and soap scum on your clothes and dishes.
  2. Cost – Because hard water leaves behind this residue, you may end up spending more money on cleaning products and using more water.

When facing a drought, every ounce of water used matters. The simplest solution might be to use water softeners. The objective of a water softener is to remove excess calcium and magnesium as well as other minerals found in your water supply. 

Discover the Benefits of High-Quality Water

Water quality matters. Whether you drink your eight cups a day or use the tap to make coffee or tea, you drink a lot of water. The city of Burbank works hard to ensure safe water is delivered to your pipes, despite all of the ecological issues Southern California faces.

While the water in Burbank meets both state and federal standards, concerns about Burbank water quality are understandable, considering the existence of chemicals like PFAs or even just the taste of the water you drink each and every day.

Now, you can take control of your water quality with Rayne Water

From water softeners to reverse osmosis systems, Rayne Water’s products can help you enjoy the highest quality water. 



  1. LA Homes. What Is Burbank Known For? 5 Fun Facts About the History of Burbank, CA. 
  2. The City of Burbank Water and Power. Water Sources.
  3. The City of Burbank Water and Power. Water Quality Reports.
  4. LADWP. Metropolitan Water District of Southern California. 
  5. CDC. Water Treatment. 
  6. EPA. Drinking Water. 
  7. Scientific American. Forever Chemicals Are Widespread in U.S. Drinking Water. 
  8. Harvard School of Public Health. Stricter federal guidelines on ‘forever chemicals’ in drinking water pose challenges. 
  9. California Water Boards. PFAS: Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances. 
  10. Burbank Water and Power. Currents. 
  11. City of Burbank. Op Ed: Ensuring Burbank’s Residents Continue to Have Access to Safe, Clean Water. 
  12. Washington Post. How to Test and Improve Your Tap Water. 
  13. City of Anaheim. Water Hardness. 
  14. Rayne Water. Is it Better to Drink Soft or Hard Water?


Expert Reviewer – Ken Christopher

Guide to West Covina Water Restrictions & Contaminants

Posted by Rayne Water


*Reviewed by Ken Christopher, Senior Vice President at Rayne Dealership Corporation

West Covina has a lot to offer the roughly 100,000 residents who call this city home. From towering palm trees to mountain views, there’s no shortage of reasons why Angelenos flock to this coveted San Gabriel Valley suburb. And to keep West Covina a prosperous place to live, the city government has implemented certain water use restrictions (which bear similarities with Pasadena water restrictions).

Keep reading to learn about the city’s water conservation efforts as well as specific strategies you can use to reduce your own water usage. We’ll also discuss water quality in West Covina and how residents can improve their water at home.

West Covina Water Restrictions: Everything You Need to Know

Southern Californians are no strangers to drought. That’s why it’s essential for local governments to maintain an adequate water supply for now and for the future, as well as encourage their residents to conserve this precious resource.

Many cities in Southern California use a three-level system to address water shortages. Each of the three levels comes with specific restrictions, with those restrictions increasing in severity and Level 3 representing a true emergency.

With Southern California residents experiencing severe drought over the past few years, it’s important to follow each water use restriction put in place to alleviate the conditions. In June 2022, cities across Southern California, including West Covina, came under new water usage restrictions, specifically a Level 2 Water Supply Shortage. While some California residents can get water from the Colorado River, others must rely on Northern California only to meet their water needs. As a result, millions of customers from the following six water districts are facing a shortage:

The West Covina water restrictions also include about 80 cities and neighborhoods in the region from Agoura Hills to Winnetka. These water restrictions relate both to overall water usage as well as specifically outdoor watering and irrigation usage.

As part of the Upper San Gabriel Valley Municipal Water District, West Covina and its neighboring cities have been asked to reduce their household water consumption by 20% and minimize their outdoor water usage to twice weekly.

That means that residents will need to seriously consider how they are using water in their homes and how often they’re watering their lawns or gardens.

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Tips to Conserve Water

Reducing household water consumption by 20% can seem daunting, but the California Department of Water Resources has multiple strategies you can use to conserve water. These strategies range from more time-intensive and expensive (at least initially) to small habits you can incorporate into your daily life to adhere to watering restrictions.

First, consider your appliances, you can install water-efficient appliances and fix any leaks to save significant amounts of water in your home. Likewise, outside, you can plant drought-resistant vegetation and replace your grass or turf landscape.

But you don’t need to spend a lot of money to conserve water. Instead, you can start small with lifestyle changes such as:

Likewise, you don’t need to redo your entire lawn to conserve water. For your garden, helpful habits include:

Each of these habits adds up to make a big difference in your water conservation efforts.

Water Contaminants in West Covina

It’s understandable to have concerns about your city’s water quality. There are many contaminants reported to be found in water that’s not properly treated, including:

In fact, in the 1970s, water contaminants from industrial pollution were a major concern in the San Gabriel Valley. As a result, the state-financed and built groundwater treatment programs and facilities in the 1990s. Because of this testing, treatment, and filtration process, the tap water in West Covina may be safe to drink.

However, many people still like to use tools like reverse osmosis and water softeners to improve their water quality. To understand why, it’s helpful to clarify the difference between hard and soft water:

Most cities in Southern California have hard water, so some residents will use water softeners.< Similarly, some residents utilize reverse osmosis systems for better-tasting water. Just because water is safe to drink doesn’t mean that it’s tasty.

Conserve Water and Keep Quality with Rayne Water

Residents in West Covina enjoy safe drinking water. The Level 2 Water Supply Shortage restrictions cities in Southern California including West Covina are currently facing can help stave off future water crises so that residents can continue enjoying that safe water. By reducing their water consumption by 20%, residents can help their community conserve this essential resource. But if you are living in other cities in California (for instance you were wondering about Burbank’s water quality or is Pasadena water safe to drink), we also service neighboring cities. We have reverse osmosis, Los Angeles needs to keep your water top quality.

Thankfully, there are numerous strategies residents can use to conserve water, from drought-resistant landscaping to shorter showers.

And while you’re saving water, we’re saving you money. You can spend less on cleaning products and bottled water and make the most of the water you do use through reverse osmosis systems or water softeners.

Rayne Water is here to help our community stay hydrated.



  1. United States Census Bureau. QuickFacts West Covina city, California.
  2. American Legal Publishing. § 5.03.035 LEVEL 1 WATER SUPPLY SHORTAGE.
  3. South Pasadenan. San Gabriel Valley Municipal Water | Upper District Adopts Emergency Water Conservation Program.
  4. California Department of Water Resources. Conservation Tips.
  5. Suburban Water Quality Systems. 2020 Water Quality Report.
  6. Upper San Gabriel Municipal Water District. Water Quality.
  7. Rayne Water. Is it Better to Drink Soft or Hard Water?
  8. City of Anaheim. Water Hardness.
  9. KTLA. Here are the new LADWP watering restrictions beginning Wednesday; which cities are affected.


Expert Reviewer – Ken Christopher

Guide to Pasadena Water Restrictions & Contaminants

Posted by Rayne Water


*Reviewed by Ken Christopher, Senior Vice President at Rayne Dealership Corporation

Water is our most precious resource, yet it’s seldom thought of with the expected necessity. With how abundant and accessible water has become from generation to generation, it’s easy to take it for granted. Yet living with limited access to fresh water is still a daily reality for people around the world.

Is Pasadena water safe to drink? While many in the Pasadena area may feel assured that unlimited clean water will always run from the taps, the reality of water security is a complex issue. In order to ensure the faucets keep flowing, the city of Pasadena has mandated a set of guidelines governing water use. The Pasadena water restrictions affect every residential spout in the city as the Department of Water and Power scrambles to keep up with demand.

Read on to learn about the specific regulations regarding public use of water, and how you might get more than you bargained for from the city’s unfiltered supply.

Why Did Pasadena Implement Water Usage Regulations?

Los Angeles, and southern California in general, is synonymous with sunny days and cloudless skies. The less acknowledged flipside of southern California’s climate, however, is its bone-dry precipitation levels and propensity for drought. Pasadena exemplifies this lack of rainfall, most glaringly during the summer. The driest month of the year is August, which experiences 0.2 days of rain on average.

That’s less than five hours total—in a month.

Needless to say, natural reservoirs are not replenished in sufficient supply to meet the city’s demands. The Raymond Basin is the main local source of the city’s water supply, and it’s fed by rainfall in the San Gabriel valley. With little precipitation in the surrounding mountains, the Raymond Basin fails to meet even half of Pasadena’s demand, requiring the city to import water from other municipalities.

Drought Levels in Pasadena

Infrequent precipitation and an unreliable supply of local water mean Pasadena is frequently in cycles of drought. The city has come up with a six-level gauge to assess the threat of drought at a given time:

With multiple low-precipitation records set in 2022, over 90% of California has been in the same drought category this year.

The National Integrated Drought Information System, a governmental program that tracks droughts across multiple metrics, also deems Pasadena and the surrounding area to be in a state of severe drought.

With local and national systems painting a dry picture, it’s clear Pasadena is going through a drought-stricken period. Not wanting to push the needles further into extreme dryness, officials decided to limit the public’s use of water.

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What Are Pasadena’s Rules Regarding Water Usage?

Water conservation is crucial for Southern Californians of LA county and surrounding regions. In order to combat the ongoing shortage, the city of Pasadena has enacted a set of guidelines dictating who can use water and when. Below is a breakdown of the current rules governing which uses of water are permitted, restricted, and prohibited.

Creating watering restrictions such as implementing a specific watering day or certain irrigation rules can create a significant difference in water waste during droughts. These regulations apply to every residential building in the city, so if you’re living in Pasadena, that probably includes you.1 However, like all good rules, there are always a few exceptions.

What Are The Exemptions to Pasadena’s Water Restrictions?

The rules regulating water usage in Pasadena (and similarly with West Covina water restrictions) apply almost fully across the board. That said, there are a few instances when one isn’t governed by the current regulations:

Dealing with the water shortage has no end in sight, so it’s helpful to understand your full rights when it comes to usage. Likewise, it’s beneficial to inform yourself about the quality of water flowing from Pasadena’s treatment facilities to your tap.

Contaminants in Pasadena’s Water Supply

Despite meeting Federal regulations, Pasadena’s water contains a long list of contaminants that may be prejudicial to your health. In total, the city’s supply contains 36 chemical contaminants, 17 of which are found in highly unhealthy quantities.7

Below is a small collection of some of the compounds floating around in Pasadena’s water. Keep in mind, this list only scratches the surface of what makes it past the city’s filtration system.

Evidently, Pasadena is not only providing its residents water in short supply, but the quality it delivers is also in question. Many of the chemicals you’re drinking may have effects on your health. Even trees can have their growth inhibited by the high levels of toxins sprayed on them while watering.11

But what are Pasadenans to do? Water is the very lifeblood of existence and there’s no way to stop using it. Luckily, there are steps that you can take to ensure the city’s supply is safe for you, your family, and the environment.

Purify Your Home’s Water with a Filtration System from Rayne Water

Just because Pasadena’s treatment plants are pumping out chemical-laden water doesn’t mean you have to drink it as is. Rayne Water has been serving California’s water conditioning needs for almost a century. When it comes to dealing with contaminants, we are the experts you can trust.

Our water softeners can eliminate excess chlorine-based compounds that make your water smell and taste like a public pool. As a bonus, they can eradicate minerals that build up on surfaces and cause scaling—making cleaning your dishes, your skin, and your shower a breeze.

We also provide some of the most supremely refreshing reverse osmosis Los Angeles has to offer. Our systems can remove the chemical impurities plaguing your water supply. Aside from Pasadena, we can also help improve Burbank water quality.

You, your family, and your property deserve the crispest, cleanest water nature has to offer. Trust Rayne Water to help clean the contaminants from Pasadena’s supply and allow purity to flow from your taps.



  1. Pasadena Department of Water and Power. Watering Schedule.
  2. Climate Data. Climate Pasadena.
  3. Pasadena Water and Power. Where does our water come from?.
  4. Pasadena Water and Power. Drought Awareness – Do your part to save water.
  5. National Integrated Drought Information System. Conditions for Pasadena, CA. (Los Angeles County).
  7. Environmental Working Group. Pasadena.
  8. World Health Organization. Arsenic.
  9. Public Health England. Chloroform: General Information.
  10. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Public Health Statement for Bromoform and Dibromochloromethane.
  11. Committee on Medical and Biological Effects of Environmental Pollutants. Arsenic: Medical and Biologic Effects of Environmental Pollutants.


Expert Reviewer – Ken Christopher

Is Pasadena Water Safe to Drink?

Posted by Rayne Water


*Reviewed by Ken Christopher, Senior Vice President at Rayne Dealership Corporation

Many local Pasadenans drink from the city’s taps on a daily basis, but do they really know what’s filling up their glass? Pasadena Water and Power boasts that its water meets all federal drinking standards,1 and while that’s important, there’s more to the story.

First, federal standards governing public water supplies haven’t been updated in nearly twenty years, despite advancements in science and technology. Furthermore, 36 separate chemical contaminants have been detected in Pasadena’s tap water, many of which have been shown to be health hazards.2 In response, the Pasadena water restrictions are (and similarly West Covina water restrictions) much tighter.

Despite the proposed safety of the flow leaving their filtration facilities, concerning compounds abound in Pasadena’s tap water. So what kind of water contamination may be lurking in your supply?

Read on to learn more about the types of contaminants that Pasadenans are drinking, and what you can do to ensure the water in your home is of the highest quality.

What is Contaminating Pasadena’s Water?

To understand the drinking water quality in this Southern California region, it’s important to note what exactly may be contaminating the supply. From heavy minerals to toxic compounds, there may be plenty of unpleasant substances flowing around Rose Town. Many of these chemicals are found in trace amounts in nature, but their concentrations in Pasadena’s pipes are beyond what should be considered normal levels.

In fact, 17 substances in the city’s water are found in quantities that exceed healthy thresholds according to certain environmental health groups.2

A few of the pollutants Pasadenans and Southern California residents, in general, should consider are:

While those are some of the most concerning compounds passing through the city’s filtration systems, it’s not an exhaustive list. So, is Pasadena water safe to drink? According to federal regulations, yes. According to this list of compounds listed above, not so much.

Pasadenans spray, swim in, and swig the city’s supply to the tune of 27 million gallons a day.1 With all that aquatic action, is there any way to save the city from exposure to harmful contaminants?

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Filtering Out the Foul from Pasadena’s Water

Aside from the health effects brought on by drinking from contaminated sources, water rife with pollutants can look cloudy and drinking tap water can taste unpleasant. Thankfully, there are household and drinking water filtration systems that can remove the impurities from Crown City’s cups.

Filtering Water With Water Softeners

To begin on the hard end, water softeners may effectively eradicate the materials making your water heavy. The intention is to pull out the excess calcium, magnesium, and other dense minerals that can lead to a foggy appearance and strong flavor.8 Softening hard water can not only ensure safe drinking water quality but also do wonders for your skin and hair, and it may help you save on bills by increasing the efficiency of your water heater and prolonging the lifetime of your appliances.9

Purifying Water Through Reverse Osmosis

Filters such as a reverse osmosis water system, are an effective way of removing water contamination from your supply. Reverse osmosis (RO) is a process that uses pressure and a semi-permeable membrane to filter out the impurities in water.10 Think of an espresso maker forcing boiling water through hot grinds and then over a water filter. The result is the coffee you crave without the gritty bits getting stuck in your teeth.

And that coffee can taste all the better when it’s made with water that’s been filtered through RO.

Reverse osmosis filters help remove contaminants from Pasadena’s water supply.2 An RO water system may be the ticket to fighting back against arsenic and can neutralize nitrates and nitrites.

Taste the Most Pristine Water in Pasadena with a Filtration System from Rayne Water

Here at Rayne Water, we say no to cloudy glasses of questionable water. Your family deserves water that is refreshing, flavorless, and clean—and that means focusing on what’s flowing from your faucets.

Rayne water provides water softeners that can nullify the concerning minerals streaming out of Rose Town’s taps. Plus, we have the reverse osmosis Los Angeles needs to keep the water clear and tasty. So whether you were worried about Pasadena, West Covina, or Burbank water quality, rest assured that our filtration system can make your drinking water clean wherever you may be in the California area.

Ensure you can always fill up your cup with the finest water Pasadena pumps out, with Rayne Water.



  1. Pasadena Water and Power. Water Quality FAQs.
  2. Environmental Working Group. Pasadena.
  3. World Health Organization. Arsenic.
  4. IARC Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Some Chemicals Present in Industrial and Consumer Products, Food and Drinking-Water.
  5. Michigan Department of Health and Human Services. Nitrate and Nitrite in Drinking Water for WEll Owners.,nitrite%20in%20the%20human%20body.
  6. New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services. Haloacetic Acids (five) (HAA5): Health Information Summary.
  7. Delaware Health and Social SErvices. Radium-226 & 228.
  8. Minnesota Department of Health. Home Water Softening.
  9. U.S. Department of Energy. Reasons Every Home Should Have a Water Softener.
  10. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Reverse Osmosis.


Expert Reviewer – Ken Christopher

The EPA Water Quality Standards

Posted by Rayne Water


*Reviewed by Ken Christopher, Senior Vice President at Rayne Dealership Corporation

Between the free-flowing water from our faucets, the Hydro Flask we keep perpetually filled on our desks, and the vast selection of bottled water we encounter every time we go to the market, it may seem like clean, safe water is as abundant as air.

But climate change and the Flint, Michigan water crisis of 2014 have exposed and underscored the fact that water is a precious resource—and that not all water is created equal.1

EPA water quality standards were put into place to combat this, even if recent events have revealed the challenges in enforcing it. What are these standards, though? And why must they be adhered to? Read on as we unpack it for you.

What is the EPA?

We come across “EPA” frequently but some of us may have only a vague understanding of it.

EPA is the acronym for the Environmental Protection Agency, an independent agency of the U.S. federal government that’s responsible for overseeing and shielding environmental and human health.2 Established by President Nixon in the 1970s, one of its primary obligations is ensuring that we have clean land, air, and water.

What are the EPA Water Quality Standards?

The Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendment of 1972, which is more commonly known as the Clean Water Act of 1972, was established by Congress in response to growing, country-wide concerns about the health of water across the States.3 Created to mitigate the contamination of water and stop water pollution, it’s faced several amendments over the decades but the core of its mission remains the same: To help ensure the water we drink and use is safe.

To this end, the EPA assesses water for a variety of contaminants.

Contaminant Classifications

The EPA tests and monitors for the presence of substances that could be detrimental to environmental and/or human health.4 The agency has two classifications for analyzing and regulating the safety and aesthetics of water received or used by humans:

The EPA has listed 90 contaminants that have been shown to pose a threat to human health, potentially causing gastrointestinal issues, an increased risk for cancer, anemia, kidney, liver, and nervous system complications, and more, an issue we’ll look at more in-depth in just a moment.

These contaminants are broken down into the following 6 categories.

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#1 Micro-organisms

Micro-organisms such as e. Coli, pathogens, and bacteria can have a grave impact on human health; e. Coli infects roughly 73,000 people per year.5> These parasites, bacteria, and viruses can also be transported from humans and animals into and from bodies of water.

#2 Disinfectants

The EPA also assesses water supply for the presence of disinfectants, which include chloramines, chlorine, and chlorine dioxide. That said, some of these disinfectants are also useful in safeguarding the cleanliness of water—just think of the chlorine found in public and private pools. This disinfectant, among others, can be useful in preventing illnesses.

However, there are permitted and prohibited types and levels of disinfectants as set by the EPA, and those that are allowed must comply with the EPA’s maximum contaminant levels (MCLs).6

#3 Disinfection Byproducts (DBPS)

Chloroform, chlorite, and bromate are three of the most commonly known disinfection byproducts. Ultimately, unsafe levels of these byproducts can be carcinogenic.

#4 Inorganic Chemicals

Some inorganic chemicals found in water are toxins and pollutants, such as:

These chemicals can contaminate water supply and also cause health concerns.

Other inorganic chemicals, like fluoride, are believed to foster human health (just think of the fluoride our teeth require).

#5 Organic Chemicals

Tetrachloride and benzene are two organic chemicals that can contaminate water. These organic chemicals typically occur from the improper disposal of things like fuel, pesticides, and paint, or from run-off agricultural sites.

#6 Radionuclides

Man-made and natural radioactive mineral deposits can lead to the presence of radionuclides in water, which can elevate the risk of cancer. The most well-known radionuclide is uranium.

This may seem like a great deal to digest. However, this list highlights the importance of ensuring the water you consume and use—in your residence and business—is safe from detrimental levels of these contaminants.

What Are the Risks and Consequences of Not Adhering to EPA Water Quality Water Standards?

Whatever the designated uses for a water supply is, it’s essential to adhere to water quality criteria and regulations set by the Environmental Protection Agency, especially drinking water quality. The water crisis in Flint highlighted the fallibility of water, but it wasn’t an isolated problem.

Between 1982 and 2018, one in four U.S. residents used water that was either contaminated, undertested, or untested.7 Unclean water impacts nearly every region of the country, but rural and economically fragile communities are disproportionately affected. The affordability of water, coupled with faulty infrastructure, has turned unsafe water into one of our largest public health concerns today.8

Curious as to why are water quality standards important? Here are some of the biggest consequences of failing to follow EPA water quality standards.

Human Health

Unsafe, contaminated water that’s consumed and/or used for bathing, brushing your teeth, and cooking can have dire effects on human health. One of the biggest concerns is that contaminated water may increase the risk for lead exposure.

Ongoing exposure to lead, as we saw in Flint, can lead to a host of health complications. And while all humans are susceptible to experiencing the effects of lead exposure, children, the elderly, and pregnant women are impacted the most.

Some of the most pressing health concerns of contaminated water include:9

Lead exposure can also cause fertility issues, kidney problems, and chronic conditions such as cancer.

Violations and Penalties

Businesses that fail to comply with the standards set forth by the Clean Water Act of 1972 may encounter:12

Typically, large businesses with a fair amount of discharge (or wastewater) potentially face these violations and penalties. Still, it’s important to be aware of the consequences one could face from knowingly or inadvertently discharging polluted water waste into the environment.

Moreover, it heightens the need to safeguard the purity of the water you consume and use.

Is Your Water Safe?

One of your biggest questions within this may be, is my water safe for use and consumption?

This depends on where your water is sourced. People who live in large cities and other urban areas are generally served by municipal water systems. The EPA aims to ensure that community water systems are compliant for 91% of the people they serve, which leaves room for error.11

Roughly 7-8% of community water systems are marked for a health-based violation per year.

If your water is sourced from your own well, it’s not monitored by the EPA and it’s your task to:

Find Peace of Mind with Rayne Water

EPA Water Quality Standards ensure the safety and cleanliness of water by assessing the level of contaminants and pollutants in recreational, agricultural, industrial, and drinking water. To preserve the health of all life, it’s critical that businesses and individuals comply with EPA standards and regularly monitor their water.

However, despite the EPA’s best efforts to ensure clean, safe water, the possibility of receiving contaminated water isn’t out of the question, which can potentially put you, your family, or your business at risk.

Don’t know how to test water quality? Fortunately, Rayne Water can offer a few solutions that may minimize water contamination and provide you and your family with clean drinking water that meets both commercial and industrial water quality requirements.

To help you manage residential and commercial water issues, we offer a range of products, from water filtration systems to reverse osmosis systems. In turn, we give you the gift of life: Pure, healthy water.



  1. NRDC. Flint water crisis: everything you need to know.
  2. EPA. Our mission and what we do.
  3. EPA. Introduction to water quality standards.
  4. EPA. National primary drinking water regulations.
  5. CDC. Epidemiology of Escherichia coli O157:H7 Outbreaks, United States, 1982–2002.
  6. EPA. Stage 1 disinfectants and disinfection byproducts rule: a quick reference guide.
  7. NRDC. Report: nearly one in four Americans’ drinking water comes from untested or contaminated systems.
  8. PLOS One. A burgeoning crisis? A nationwide assessment of the geography of water affordability in the United states.
  9. Healthline. Water quality and public health.
  10. Mayo Clinic. High blood pressure (hypertension)–symptoms and causes.
  11. PNAS. National trends in drinking water quality violations.
  12. GPO. Federal register.
  13. EPA. Enforcement under cwa section 404.

Expert Reviewer – Ken Christopher

Why Are Water Quality Standards Important?

Posted by Rayne Water


*Reviewed by Ken Christopher, Senior Vice President at Rayne Dealership Corporation

We all depend on water. From the water that flows through our own homes to the water used by industries like petroleum refineries, smelting facilities, and the production of food, paper, and chemical products, high quality water improves our lives in many ways.1

But what is high quality water exactly? And why are water quality standards important?

At the most basic level, American water quality standards set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) maintain a healthy water supply and help promote better tasting drinking water quality. That said, businesses and homeowners can take additional steps to improve the quality of their water no matter the designated uses.

Benefits of High-Quality Water

Per the 1972 Clean Water Act, the EPA follows a set of standards that aim to reduce contamination of drinking, recreational, agricultural, and industrial water. More specifically, water is monitored for a variety of contaminants, including microorganisms, disinfectants, chemicals, and radionuclide mineral deposits.2

Clean water serves numerous benefits and is critical to the health of plants, animals, and humans. These advantages include:

The Environmental Protection Agency, EPA, also requires bodies of water designated for specific uses to remain at a certain quality level. For example, water officially designated for recreation, drinking, agriculture, industry, and the protection of fish and wildlife must all have sufficiently low levels of pollutants.4

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How Pollutant Levels Are Determined

In the U.S., water is considered safe to drink if it meets certain EPA water quality standards. Since 1974, the EPA has required public water suppliers to ensure their water is sufficiently free of certain chemicals, germs, and other pollutants.3

These regulations fall into two categories:

If you drink water from a private commercial source, such as a company that sells bottled water, that water falls under the regulation of the Food and Drug Administration, not the EPA.

The EPA has more stringent reporting and disclosure requirements, making tap water generally safer than bottled water.

Protecting Natural Water Sources

Protecting water sources is critical to maintaining water quality and starts with understanding where the most common pollutants come from.

Water Sources In Need of Restoration

Every two years the EPA requires states to submit a report on the quality of their waters, including information about any significant sources of pollution, which are then compiled in the National Water Quality Inventory Report to Congress.6

The report evaluates, among other things, the overall biological health of the nation’s rivers and streams. According to the 2017 report:7

While over half of the nation’s streams and rivers have good or fair conditions, a significant portion of them have problematic levels of pollutants. That’s a trend that continues, albeit at lower levels, in both lakes and coastal waters.7

Luckily we can take clear steps to protect our water sources, both immediately and in the long run.

How to Protect Water Sources

Instead of just learning how to test water quality, it’s important to also know how to help protect water sources through two tactics: protection and treatment. That said, pollutants most often come from:7

Businesses and communities can help reduce pollutants in their water by reducing the primary sources of pollution in their water sources.

This might include:

It’s also possible for a water source to receive pollution from more than one source. As such, communities must conduct regular analysis of pollution sources to mitigate contamination and keep their water source safe and clean for residents

When we can’t prevent contaminants from reaching our water sources, public water sources can typically treat the water to address those contaminants and make it safe for human consumption by following the EPA’s National Primary Drinking Water Regulations.3

Private citizens also have additional options to improve the quality of their water at their home or business.

How to Improve the Quality of Your Water

Adhering to water quality standard is essential for human health, so it’s important that your water supply quality is at its best. One way to adhere to water standards is to get a water treatment. A water treatment specialist can visit your home or business to evaluate your current water quality and determine if certain water treatment systems or alternative options could improve the caliber of your water.

Possible ways of improving your water include:

These are some of the most effective and popular methods to improve the quality of water in your home or business. If the variety seems overwhelming, don’t worry. A water treatment specialist can guide you to the best solution for you based on your current water quality, overall water needs, and energy use preferences.

Taking the time to learn about and invest in your water quality can help you improve your life and your business—one drop of water at a time.

Improve Your Water Quality with Rayne Water

Water quality standards set by the EPA ensure that the water we drink and use is safe and free from contaminants that may harm our health and homes.

At Rayne Water, we’ve been helping folks improve their water quality since 1928. Today, we provide homes, businesses, and commercial industries with high quality water using a range of water treatment systems. Our equally high standards for each of our products means we can offer our customers some of the best warranties in the industry.

From the office water cooler to the first glass of water you drink in the morning, we’re in the business of improving every drop of water to meet industrial water quality requirements.



  1. Scientific American. Should You Drink Tap or Bottled Water?
  2. EPA. Stage 1 disinfectants and disinfection byproducts rule: a quick reference guide.
  3. CDC. Regulations.
  4. EPA. What are Water Quality Standards?
  5. EPA. National Primary Drinking Water Regulations.
  6. Source Water Protection Initiative. Source Water Stewardship: A Guide to Protecting and Restoring Your Drinking Water.
  7. EPA. National Water Quality Inventory Report to Congress.
  8. CDC. Uses in Manufacturing and Industry.

Ways to Pass Commercial and Industrial Water Quality Requirements

Posted by Rayne Water


*Reviewed by Ken Christopher, Senior Vice President at Rayne Dealership Corporation

From oil refineries to paper-making companies, manufacturers and businesses account for 22% of global water usage.1

Depending on your trade, you may already know how integral water systems are to business (hydroelectric power engineer? You’re on it). Or, it may not enter your mind until you go for a glass of tap in the lounge, take a sip, and wonder if you should’ve brought a bottle from home instead.

Regardless of how often you think about it, every business is subject to industrial water quality requirements to ensure the safety and quality of their water. The water quality standard applies to the entire water supply no matter the designated uses. If you aren’t sure how to ensure compliance with federal, state, and local regulations, this guide will show you what you need to know, and where to start.

What Should Businesses Know About Industrial Water Requirements?

Modern industrial water requirements date back to the Clean Water Act of 1972. This legislation was passed to shield the environment and humans against toxic or otherwise unsafe chemicals, whether naturally arising or caused by industrial waste.

Today, the Environmental Protection Agency, EPA, requires businesses to perform several or all of the following functions related to water quality, depending on the nature of their operations:2

Additionally, certain businesses—particularly those in the agriculture sector or energy industry—must comply with local and federal standards for environmental welfare. All of the following can help protect the quality of water:

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5 Ways to Pass Commercial and Industrial Water Requirements

Whether you’re a new business or an established manufacturer thousands of customers trust, staying up to code and adhering to EPA water quality standards can seem like a tall order. Fortunately, these 6 methods can help you pass the inspections every business can expect to endure:

  1. Stay on top of new mandates – Regulations are continually updated or introduced, as industrial water requirements are constantly changing. Moreover, if you operate in several states or local regions, you’ll need to stay apprised of their individual regulations. You may find that some states exempt you from certain permits, while others require you to secure and renew them to stay compliant.
  2. Partner with a Rayne Water quality consultant – If you don’t have the bandwidth to stay on top of local and federal regulations, work with an expert. A water quality consulting service can provide you with safe, current solutions specified to your facility and your industry, ensuring you’ll pass local inspections.
  3. Prioritize water quality monitoring – Water quality monitoring and testing can help you meet compliance mandates and protect your employees. Once you learn how to test water quality, it should be conducted regularly, as changes in both your facilities’ conduct and the environment can cause water quality to change often.
  4. Invest in a commercial water filtration system – Everyone from local wineries to sprawling agricultural firms can benefit from an industrial filtration system. These will mechanically remove the impurities and potential contaminants from water, including:
    • Common chemicals like chlorine
    • Heavy metals like arsenic, copper, and iron
    • Bacteria
    • Lead
  5. Use an industrial water softener – Also called commercial water softeners, these systems remove “hard water” minerals like magnesium and calcium, which are known to damage pipes and threaten your infrastructure. While the EPA doesn’t test for the hardness of water, water softener can save money by helping to protect your facility’s machinery.4

What Happens If These Requirements Aren’t Met?

Curious as to why water quality standards important? If a commercial facility is found in violation of the Clean Water Act, it may face several consequences. These could be minor, like a notice requiring them to update their quality control, but depending on severity they could be fatal to a business.

In order of escalating severity, these are the most common penalties:5

If protecting your employees, your business’ reputation, and your bottom line is important to you, one of the best things you can do is start with the fundamentals. And when you can find a trustworthy partner who understands modern water conditioning systems, you’ll earn the trust of your customers, employees, peers, and local community.

Rayne Water: Control Water Quality with Quality Service

Keeping up with water quality standards and Passing your next water inspection can feel daunting, but it doesn’t have to be. When you work with Rayne Water, you’ll receive expert guidance from professionals who’ve been improving commercial water quality for nearly a century.

Whether you’re a retreat center looking to abolish hard water chemicals or a local farm in Bakersfield aiming to keep animal waste out of local water systems, our consultants want to help you find the best solution with a commercial water softener or a commercial reverse osmosis system. Let us steer you and your business in the right direction by contacting us today.



  1. ScienceDirect. Industrial water use–an overview.
  2. EPA. Water enforcement.
  3. MATEC Web of Conferences. Major Contaminants in Industrial and Domestic Wastewater.
  4. USGS. Do you have information about water hardness in the United States?
  5. Clean Water Services. Enforcement response plan.
  6. CDC. Industrial water: other uses of water, healthy water.
  7. EPA. Industrial wastewater.
  8. Medical News Today. Water pollution and human health.
  9. Environmental Protection Agency. National Pretreatment Program.
  10. EPA. Water enforcement.

Expert Reviewer – Ken Christopher


How to Test Water Quality

Posted by Rayne Water


*Reviewed by Ken Christopher, Senior Vice President at Rayne Dealership Corporation

There’s no doubting the phrase, water is life. As with sunlight, no life could subsist without water.1 It was this microscopic molecular bond of hydrogen and oxygen that led Leonardo da Vinci to claim that water serves as the ultimate driving force of nature.2

Although da Vinci recognized this truth eight centuries ago, water’s precious status has only intensified since then, making pure, clean water ever more a rarity.

As such, it’s critically important to know how to test water quality to ensure the health and safety of you and your home, whether that’s testing your drinking water quality or overall supply. Fortunately, there are a variety of home tests and water filtration systems that you can utilize to keep your water quality up to EPA water quality standards.

What Is Water Quality Testing?

To start, there is no one type of water testing—a variety of gadgets and kits exist to gauge the quality of your water. Their mission is singular: to detect the presence of certain particles (chemicals or bacteria) in water. This can include testing for dissolved solids and total hardness.

What to Test For

If you’re going to be testing your water, you’ll need to know what to look for. These kits typically detect a variety of contaminants, including:

Based on the water source, you may need to do more specific testing. If you live rurally and get your water locally, like from a well, it’s a good idea to test it for pesticides and any other common agricultural and outdoor toxins. That said, city dwellers should carry out additional checks for levels of radon, copper, fluoride, and arsenic in their urban water supply.3

Drinking Water Systems

3 Ways to Properly Test Your Water Quality

Listed below are a few of the most common ways to conduct a water quality test, some of which you can use in the comfort of your own home.

#1 Water Quality Test Strips

Commonly used for checking the chlorination of home swimming pools, test strips are an extremely swift and simple way to measure water quality using an easy-to-read visual cue. Just follow these simple steps:

  1. Fill a clean container (could be a jar, or small bowl) with nothing but the test water.
  2. Dip the opened testing strip into the container of water.
  3. Immediately remove the testing strip, and gently shake off any excess water.
  4. Wait the appropriate time as designated by your kit (usually no more than a minute).
  5. Use the included color chart to locate the match to your strip’s color.

Using this matched color—which indicates the level of potency of the particulate you are testing for—you’re able to complete water quality testing in a matter of seconds.

#2 Utilize A Qualified Rayne Water Representative

You can also conduct a water purity test at home with a qualified Rayne Water representative. We can come to your home and test your water for a variety of contaminants.

#3 Powder Kits

Powder-based testing kits serve the unique purpose of detecting bacteria in the water. When using powder kits, you will:4

  1. Add the appropriate amount of water as designated by your kit to your provided container. Double-check to ensure the powder agent is already included in the container.
  2. Replace the container’s lid and shake vigorously until the powder has fully dissolved. The color should have changed into a newly colored shade from its original translucency.5

Some powder kits allow you to send the resulting sample to a lab for bacterial testing. Otherwise, there will be resources on the kit’s container to guide you through translating each shade into a properly legible gauge of bacterial presence.

The Importance of Water Quality Testing

Fresh, potable water on Earth makes up only a mere 0.5% of all water—which is absolutely shocking when considering that water constitutes about three-quarters of our planet’s surface.6

Combined with the knowledge that our global water supply flows thick with pollutants (80% of wastewater on Earth returns, often untreated, to pristine bodies of water),7 it’s more important than ever to know the composition of what’s flowing out of your tap.

Still curious as to why are water quality standards important? By learning how to test water quality and putting that knowledge into action, you can prevent certain illnesses, stay aware of contaminants in your water, and safeguard your pipes.

Prevent Pollutants in Your Water: Filter With Rayne Water

Testing your water quality is critical to the safety of you and your home. In addition to regularly testing your water, you can also add water filtration systems to your home that mitigate harmful toxins and contaminants in your water.

For fresh, clean water, look to Rayne Water.

Our cutting-edge products feature water treatment systems ranging from the latest salt-free water softener to a reverse osmosis water filter that may eliminate over 95% of pollutants.8 With Rayne Water, you can rest assured that your water meets residential or industrial water quality requirements —making for a healthier you and a healthier planet.8


  1. Water New South Wales. Water is Life.
  2. New York Rural Water Association. Leonardo da Vinci Water Quotes.
  3. Center for Disease Control. Chemicals That Can Contaminate Tap Water.
  4. Safewise. Best Water Testing Kits.
  5. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. Coliform Bacteria Sampling Instructions and Best Practices.
  6. Bureau of Reclamation California Great Basin. Water Facts – Worldwide Water Supply.
  7. UNESCO. The United Nations World Water Development Report: Wastewater, the Untapped Resource,
  8. Rayne Water. Our History.
  9. Hach. Color Disc Test Kits.
  10. Thurston Public Utility District.


Expert Reviewer – Ken Christopher

What Is TDS In Water?

Posted by Rayne Water


*Reviewed by Ken Christopher, Senior Vice President at Rayne Dealership Corporation

It’s your first day in your beautiful new home. You pour yourself a glass of water in your awesome new kitchen. As you take a celebratory sip, you find yourself thinking… “Huh. Does this water taste funny?” If your water tastes differently than it normally does, or if you notice excess mineral build-up in household appliances like the dishwasher, you might have high levels of TDS in your water.

So what is TDS in water? TDS or Total dissolved solids, are dissolved molecules (specifically ions) from inorganic sources such as salts, metals, and minerals. These dissolved ions can be detected in all non-pure water sources and affect your water quality.1 

While all water will have some TDS, too much can lead to difficulties in your home and, potentially, for your health.  

Breaking Down TDS

TDS concentration in water can come from several sources, ranging from healthy to harmful.

Natural sources of TDS in water include:

Human-caused sources of TDS include:

Unlike natural TDS sources like minerals, man-made TDS sources rarely have benefits and can in fact be harmful.2

How Much TDS Is Too Much?

If you have a TDS level higher than 500 ppm, the EPA recommends a follow-up step of having your water tested. In the meantime, do not drink water over 1,000 ppm.1

But first, how do you learn how much TDS is in your water supply?

How to Measure TDS Levels

To measure TDS levels in your water supply, you’ll need a total dissolved solids meter. You can find various versions of this hand-held device available online—prices range from $10 to $100, depending on the make and model.1 

A TDS meter works by measuring the conductivity of your water sample. That is, its ability to conduct electricity1

Essentially, the more TDS concentration in your water, the higher its conductivity. 

That said, a TDS meter can not tell you the source or type of TDS.

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Mineral vs Chemical: Sources of TDS and Their Potential Effects

If the TDS level in your water source is high enough, TDS could have adverse effects on your daily life.

However, to understand how high levels of TDS can impact you, it can help to know:

For example, a TDS that comes from a high mineral content could be perfectly fine to drink. However, it may be an unpleasant mineral build-up in your dishwasher.

Ideally, you want a TDS level that supports all your household water needs without causing problems for you or your appliances.

High Levels of Mineral TDS: Effects

What happens if you detect high TDS water levels? High levels of mineral TDS in your household water supply are typically safe—even healthy—to drink.2 

But they can have negative effects in other areas, including:

Lowering levels of mineral TDS in your water supply can lead to better-tasting water, healthier skin, and longer-lasting, more effective appliances.

High Levels of Chemical TDS: Effects

While it’s possible for a high TDS level to come from a natural source, high levels of TDS often indicate that the TDS comes from a non-mineral, human-caused activity.2 In these cases, the water supply may have been contaminated with harmful pollutants like:5

In a situation like this, experts recommend lowering your TDS with one of the available contaminant-removal systems.5

Lower Your Home’s TDS with a Water Improvement System

Low TDS water levels are recommended for better water quality, and that can be done with a water improvement system. A water improvement system can work as a simple and effective way of lowering your TDS levels. It’s also more eco-friendly than bottled water options that, even when the water starts off healthy, could end up exposing you to plastic contaminants.3

Depending on your needs, each of these three options could serve as a smart solution.

A Countertop Water Distiller

If you primarily require purified drinking water, consider trying a countertop water distiller, which, as the name suggests, removes TDS from water via distillation.1

Here’s how that works:  

  1. Boiling pure water away from TDS – A water boils water until the water evaporates. Most TDS remain behind in the boiling chamber.
  2. Condensing the evaporate into clean water – The evaporated H20 then travels to the carafe where it condenses back into water.
  3. Drink up – The water—boiled until vapor and then condensed into clean, safe liquid—is now ready for drinking.1

While a countertop water distiller can prove immensely effective for drinking water, it can’t address other water uses throughout the house, like bathing or water-dependent appliances.

Filtration System

With a household water filtration system, your water passes through a filter. This filter sifts out contaminants from your water supply and keeps them inside the filter where they can’t re-enter your water supply. By the time your water reaches you (or your appliances), it has fewer harmful contaminants.5

Generally speaking, a filtration system will remove contaminants, but not necessarily minerals.5 

This trait could make filtration systems an ideal option for people who want the taste or health benefits of mineral water and find themselves less concerned about its other side effects like less efficient appliances and dry skin.

Reverse Osmosis System

A reverse osmosis system (often called an RO system) differs from a filtration system in a few key ways. 

An RO system uses reverse pressure to force water through a semipermeable membrane.5 Contaminants that can’t pass through this membrane are thus separated from the purified water and carried away via a secondary “reject” stream.5 Additional filters on either side of the membrane can act as a way of supplying additional protection against TDS. 

Because an RO system typically lowers mineral and chemical TDS levels,5 it can prove an ideal option for people wishing to avoid various side effects of mineral water. An RO system can help achieve more efficient appliances, improve water taste, and support healthier skin and hair.4

It can help purify water incredibly effectively such as reverse osmosis lead filtering. In fact, many water purification plants and waste treatment centers use this process.1

RO systems designed for residential use can differ in size and other important details. 

For example, each of the available reverse osmosis systems:

Additionally, Rayne Water offers RO systems small enough to fit under your sink.

When shopping for an RO system, comparing details like these across brands and models will help you prioritize the factors that matter most to you.

Remove TDS and Other Impurities with Rayne Water

Since 1928, Rayne Water has been on the front lines of developing a diverse range of high-quality solutions to improve your water supply. The oldest continually operating water conditioning company, we serve homes, businesses, and commercial industries.

We know how deeply important water purity is, from your home to your business. That’s why we continually innovate. In 2017 we produced the most efficient RO system on the market, saving customers both water and money, all while eliminating over 95% of water contaminants.

Whether you casually wonder, “What is TDS water?” or are already knee-deep in comparing RO systems, we have your answers. When it comes to improving your home—and life—Rayne Water has you covered, from your dishwasher, to your shower water, to every glass of ice-cold water.

Expert Reviewer – Ken Christopher


  1. Water and Waste Digest. What is Total Dissolved Solids (TDS)?. 
  2. PLOS One. Research on drinking water purification technologies for household use by reducing total dissolved solids (TDS).,sodium%20%5B1%E2%80%933%5D
  3. The Beet. Which Water is Best for You? Mineral, Alkaline, or Filtered. 
  4. Rayne Water. Difference Between a Water Conditioner vs Water Softener. 
  5. NSF. Learn How Reverse Osmosis Works Straight From the Experts. 

What Chemicals Are In Plastic Water Bottles?

Posted by Rayne Water


*Reviewed by Ken Christopher, Senior Vice President at Rayne Dealership Corporation

If you find yourself confused about what chemicals are in plastic water bottles, and whether those chemicals could harm your health, you’re not alone.

The most prominent chemicals found in plastic water bottles are, well, plastic. Plastic’s chemical properties can lead to plastic-related toxins being released in the body. These plastics include polyethylene terephthalate, high-density polyethylene, and bisphenol A (BPA).

With a little guidance, you can confidently make decisions that support your health, your lifestyle, and even the environment.

Plastic in the Bottle, Plastic in the Water

When it comes to finding out what chemicals are in a plastic bottle—along with the safety of those chemicals—it’s helpful to provide context.

One study found that 93% of bottled water brands sampled contained traces of microplastics, including companies like Aquafina, Evian, and Nestle Pure Life. In comparison, tap water contained about 50% fewer microplastics than bottled water.1

That study suggests drinking water from any single-use plastic bottle could carry a high risk of consuming water tainted by microplastics. 

The question then becomes, could microplastics hurt you? 

The answer to that tends to depend on the specific plastic. Different types of plastic have different levels of known risks and health effects. 

Types of Plastics Found in Water Bottles

Most plastics used in water bottles fall into one of three categories. Typically, a number on the packaging printed inside a triangle—1, 2, or 7—will indicate what category of plastic a bottle falls into:2

Plastics Common in Single-Use Water Bottles

PET makes up most single-use plastic water bottles sold in the U.S.1  

When we say single-use, we mean it. Experts warn that repeatedly using water bottles made from PET can wear down the material, which could allow harmful bacteria to build up in the cracks.3 Washing PET bottles can also cause problems since exposure to hot water can cause plastic chemicals to leach into your water.4

Since they’re are to be used once, disposable water bottles usually get tossed back into the environment. In addition to the health questions raised, single-use plastic water bottles can also have a negative effect on the environment. With a few exceptions like incineration, practically all of the plastic created still exists in some form or other on the planet.4 While recycling can mitigate some of the environmental damage done by single-use plastic bottles, choosing a non-plastic water bottle option can bypass the issue entirely.

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Plastics Common in Multi-Use Water Bottles

Unlike single-use water bottles made of PET, many reusable plastic water bottles tend to be made from plastic polymers such as polypropylene and copolyester, making them both sturdy and lightweight.3 

While these bottles rarely contain BPA anymore, there’s still a lot the scientific community doesn’t know about the potential health risks of these plastics.3

Because we still don’t know the long-term health of these plastics, experts recommend avoiding the dishwasher and washing your water bottle by hand. The heat and abrasion of a typical dishwasher could enhance chemical leaching that would affect any liquids you put in your bottle.3

Lack of Transparency in Industry

When it comes to determining the precise chemicals in a water bottle, lack of transparency remains the biggest hurdle.

In fact, no law or regulation requires corporations selling bottled water to test their water for plastic chemical substances, or even to tell customers where their water comes from.1

American tap water providers, on the other hand, must:1

While it’s theoretically possible for a bottle of water to be pure, with the current level of regulation, it’s too hard to know for sure. There’s still research to be done on the health effects and safety of plastic products, especially disposable water bottles. However, With tap water, you can access regulated, quality reports about your water. If necessary, you can also take follow-up steps to improve your water like adding a ro water filter system.

Health Risks of Water Bottle Plastics

Now that you know some of the more common plastics found in water bottles, let’s address some of the health risks associated with each type of plastic, and with plastic bottles in general. 

To avoid the risks associated with chemical leaching, as well as the bacterial growth associated with worn and poorly washed plastic, consider trying a water bottle made from alternative materials.

Alternatives to Plastic Water Bottles

Glass water bottles, metal water bottles, and paper cups could all serve as a healthier alternative to drinking out of water bottles made of plastic. These alternatives can prove more environmentally friendly as well. 

Americans buy roughly 50 billion water bottles a year. By choosing an alternative to the single-use plastic water bottle, you could save about 156 plastic bottles every year.24

Use a Reverse Osmosis System to Purify Your Water

After learning more about the chemicals in plastic water bottles, you may vow to switch to a glass or metal water bottle that you refill from your own tap water. 

That’s an important first step, but you could still inadvertently expose yourself to microplastics if you don’t use a water purifying system. Plastics abandoned in landfills can break down into tiny toxic particles that mix into our soil and waterways, potentially exposing you to harmful plastic particles. 4 

To safeguard against stray plastic particles in your water supply, consider installing a reverse osmosis system to purify your water.

An RO system works by pushing unpurified water through a semipermeable membrane. The membrane removes impurities and contaminants like plastic chemicals, along with other unwanted dissolved solids. An RO system can also remove bacteria like Salmonella and E. Coli, as well as viruses like Hepatitis, Enteric, and Norovirus. 

This leaves your water healthy, clean, and delicious.

Trust Rayne Water to Deliver Safe, Clean Drinking Water

In 2017, Rayne Water created the most efficient RO system on the market. Our system eliminates over 95 % of contaminants while saving you water and money.

As the oldest continually operating water conditioning company in the U.S., we’re committed to helping each new generation navigate the challenge of water contamination, including the risk of plastic contamination. We have locations in Arizona, California, and Nevada. So if you need a water softener in Sacramento or a reverse osmosis system in Phoenix… we’ve got you covered!

That’s why we offer a range of products designed to improve and protect your water supply. So you can safely—and confidently—enjoy the world’s oldest beverage.

Expert Reviewer – Ken Christopher


  1. Clean Water Action. Bottled Water: The Human Health Consequences of Drinking from Plastic. 
  2. WebMD. Is it Safe to Reuse Plastic Water Bottles?. 
  3. Washington Post. Plastic, metal or glass: What’s the best material for a reusable water bottle?. 
  4. End Plastic Pollution – Fact Sheet: Single-Use Plastics.