Archive for the ‘Older’ Category

How To Get Hard Water Spots Off Car

Posted by Rayne Water

Picture a warm, sunny, summer day. You want to take advantage of the gorgeous weather and decide your car desperately needs a bath. You lug the bucket, rags, and hose out to your driveway and spend an hour cleaning your car until it sparkles. The next morning, you look outside and your formerly spotless car is now anything but.

It didn’t rain overnight, so what happened? 

The likely answer is you washed your car with hard water that left spots once the car dried. This is where water softening solutions for your home come in handy.

It can be tricky to get rid of hard water spots once they form. You’ll need distilled water, white distilled vinegar, microfiber cloths, and a lot of patience. In this blog, we cover how to get hard water spots off car with a vinegar solution, why you must remove them, and how to prevent them from forming.

Step #1: Wash Your Car… Even if it’s Already Clean

We know—you’re probably thinking why do I need to do this again? It might be a bit of a hassle but will make the final results shine. One of the reasons you’re seeing spots could be because you didn’t dry your car properly after the initial wash. Furthermore, it’s always best to start any project with a clean canvas.

You’ll need the following materials for a solid, effective wash:

Once you’ve assembled your materials, you’re ready to rewash your car. Make sure that you’re using different buckets for the wheels and the body of the car. Scrub the visible water spots carefully and you may be able to remove many of them. Those that can’t be removed this way will be handled with the vinegar solution you’ll apply in step four.

What Causes Hard Water Spots On Cars?

Before we move on to drying your car, let’s take a quick moment to talk about those water spots. What are they, exactly? 

The term hard water simply means water that has higher levels of minerals in it.1 Typically, magnesium and calcium are the minerals that leave behind residue. If the water spots appear after you wash your car (and it didn’t rain), the cause is likely your water. If you have hard water, you’ll find white buildup on your kitchen utensils, faucets, and yes, your car. 

These minerals in your water aren’t harmful to humans, but they can cause your things to break down more quickly—this includes the car paint. So, if you’re using the water from your home to clean your car, you’ll be left with white blotches after the water evaporates and leaves behind mineral traces.

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Step #2: Dry Your Car Thoroughly

Not all of the spots on your car are necessarily from hard water. Some may be the result of not drying the car’s surface correctly after washing. If you don’t use a microfiber cloth, you’ll leave swirl marks on the car or even damage the car paint.2 

You should start with the roof and work your way down. As the cloth becomes saturated, you’ll need to wring it out or switch to a new, dry towel. This step is tedious but will help eliminate some of the pesky spots that appear when you allow your car to air-dry.

Step #3: Mix a Water and Vinegar Solution

Once your car is dry, take a step back and look for hard water spots. You’ll target these spots with your vinegar and water solution.3 To make the solution, you’ll need:

Mix equal parts of the distilled vinegar and water in the spray bottle and shake it. Now you have a spot-removing solution. This is also the same solution to use on how to clean stainless sink hard water stains.

Step #4: Apply Vinegar Solution on Spots

Next, you’ll spray the vinegar mix onto the areas where you see hard water spots. This might take a while because you can only cover a small area at a time. After you spray, leave the solution on for 60 seconds.  

Step #5: Rinse Off the Vinegar Solution

Then, you’ll need to rinse the solution off. Don’t wipe as this may create streaks. We suggest having a bucket of clean, distilled water handy. You can use a small cup to get water from the bucket and pour it over the area you sprayed with the vinegar solution.

Step #6: Dry Carefully

After you’ve thoroughly rinsed the solution from the car, you can dry the area with another microfiber towel.

Then, you’ll repeat steps three through six for the remaining places on your car that you see hard water spots.

Step #7: Wax Your Car

Once you’ve completed the spot-removal process, you need to wax your car to protect the paint job from the elements. Vinegar removes existing wax so don’t skip this step or your hard work will go to waste.

Alternative Methods to Remove Hard Water Spots

A vinegar solution isn’t the only way to remove hard water spots from your vehicle. There are several products on the market that work with varying levels of effectiveness. Some of the most commonly used include:

As you can see there is no one right method for hard water spot removal. It depends on your preference and the severity of spotting on your car.

Why Do You Need to Remove Hard Water Spots?

It’s important to find a method that you like because hard water marks can damage your car if they aren’t removed. The minerals left behind can soak into the surface of your car’s clear coat on top of the paint. Eventually, this leads to a problem called etching which occurs in several steps, including:

When the paint on your car is damaged, the metal base is exposed. This leaves it open for rust and decay which will reduce the value of your vehicle and can cost you a hefty sum in major repairs. It’s far less costly to spend a few hours removing hard water spots than it is to have your entire car repainted. 

Can You Prevent Hard Water Spots?

It would be difficult to eliminate the risk of hard water spots on your car entirely—rain, errant sprinklers, and more can contribute to spotting. However, there are a few things you can do to prevent the majority of hard water spots. These include:

While it’s impossible to prevent hard water spots completely, these actions will help lessen the impact on your vehicle.

Save Time and Energy with Rayne Water

The process to remove hard water stains from your car is time-consuming and frustrating. However, if not done properly, you risk damaging your car’s paint job. Instead of making more work for yourself, prevent hard water stains with one of our water softening solutions.

Rayne Water has been in business since 1928 and we now serve California, Arizona, and Nevada residents. Contact us today to learn more about how we can help you enjoy better water. Next time you wash your car, you can look outside the next morning with confidence that that shine will still be there.



  1. Penn State Extension. Hard Water and Water Softening.
  2. The Drive. How to Dry Your Car the Right Way.
  3. The Vehicle Lab. How to Remove Water Spots on Your Car: Types Explained
  4. WebMD. Distilled Water.

How to Clean Stainless Steel Sink Hard Water Stains

Posted by Rayne Water

You hate to see your stainless steel sink marred with stains. Unfortunately, hard water will leave behind unsightly blemishes on the shiny surface of your sink and more. 

Hard water is the term used to describe water that has higher than average traces of dissolved magnesium and calcium in it.1 These minerals leave behind white smudges when the water evaporates.

The good news is that hard water isn’t harmful to humans. 

However, it can damage your household items over time. If you are over the hassle, water softening solutions are your answer.

Cleaning hard water stains is quite simple and can be done with many products you already have around the house. There’s typically no need to use harsh chemicals or abrasive tools. Keep reading to learn more about how to clean stainless steel sink hard water stains and why it’s important to do so.

Use Kitchen Staples To Clean Your Sink

Anyone who has ever owned a stainless steel appliance or sink knows that it’s not really stainless. Spots, smears, blotches, and more appear with astonishing regularity. Luckily, you can shine up your stainless steel with natural remedies that you probably already have on hand. 

A few simple stainless steel cleaner you can use include:

Let’s look at each of these and how you can use them to remove hard water spots.


Distilled white vinegar is one of the cheapest and most effective agents you can use to clean many areas of your home, including a stainless steel sink.2 To remove hard water stains with vinegar, you’ll need to:

This should leave your sink sparkling clean.

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If you don’t like the smell of vinegar, try a different, more scent-friendly, solution. Pure lemon juice is also more acidic than vinegar and may be more effective at removing tough stains. You’ll use the same process as you would for vinegar, and will be left with a fresh, clean, citrus aroma wafting through your kitchen.

Baking Soda

Like vinegar, baking soda is the natural housekeeper’s best friend. It’s useful for countless applications, including hard water stain and limescale removal. The steps for using baking soda include:

This method can help remove tough hard water residue without damage to your sink.


If you have particularly stubborn hard water stains on your stainless steel sink, you can combine natural cleaning agents to make a more powerful cleanser.3 The most common is an acid and baking soda. For this method, you’ll need to begin with a rinse of the sink. Then you should:

Alternatively, you can use cream of tartar instead of baking soda. This method should remove even the most stubborn stains. Plus, it costs you very little money and is non-toxic. This is also one of the ways on how to get hard spots off car.

Why Do You Need to Remove Hard Water Stains?

If you don’t remove hard water stains you risk causing permanent damage to your sink. Along with magnesium and calcium, hard water often contains iron. Leaving hard water stains on the surface of your sink allows them to oxidize. Oxidation leads to rust.

If your stainless steel sink rusts severely enough, it’ll eventually start to leak. As you know, water anywhere it doesn’t belong is a homeowner’s worst nightmare. Regularly cleaning and drying your stainless steel sink will keep it in top shape and prevent a much more serious issue down the road.

However, an even better solution might be to add a water softener to your property to prevent the problems caused by hard water.

Soften Your Water with Rayne Water

Hard water can keep your stainless steel sink surface from looking its best. While you can remove stains easily if you’re diligent, wouldn’t you prefer to avoid the problem altogether? If your home has hard water like many others across the US, you may want to invest in a water conditioning system like a water softener.

At Rayne Water, we’ve been helping homeowners improve the quality of their water since the 1920s. Contact us today to see how we can assist you. We know you’ll be happy with the higher quality water and fewer stubborn stains.



  1. United States Geological Survey. Hardness of Water.
  2. SFGate. How to Remove Hard Water Spots From Stainless Steel Sinks.
  3. Bob Villa. How to Clean A Stainless Steel Sink.

Facts About Drinking Water

Posted by Rayne Water

Apart from breathing, water is just about the most essential element for humans. From making up 60% percent of our bodies1 to being about 71% of our planet,2 water is everywhere, and in nearly everything.

But what do you really know when it comes to facts about drinking water?

Besides the two we already mentioned, this article will guide you through 7 of the most interesting, surprising, and essential facts when it comes to drinking water. Not only will these water facts help you keep your daily fluid intake up, they’ll also lead you to a better way to get cleaner, tastier drinking water. 

Read on to discover more than you ever expected about H20.

#1 Most of Earth’s Water is Undrinkable

This may be shocking, but 97% of Earth’s water is actually saltwater—completely unsuitable for drinking water.3 Take a look at a globe and you might realize most of those blue spots are oceans. 

Not only that, 2% of the world’s water is undrinkable in its current form. This includes:

That last 1% of Earth’s water supply is what we use for everything from agriculture to manufacturing to showering. That’s billions of people only tapping into one-hundredth of all the water on the planet.  

#2 Drinking Water Comes From Two Sources

There are only two main areas in which we source our tap water for drinking, washing, watering, and a lot more:

Of course, there are some exceptions. The process of desalination (the removal of salt or other chemicals from water), is occasionally implemented to create drinking water, though it’s typically expensive and inefficient. Also, some areas of the planet rely on melting ice for their drinking water, but these situations are comparatively rare.

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#3 We Should Consume Two to Four Liters Per Day

If you’re waiting until you’re thirsty to pour a glass of water, you might be missing out on some essential health benefits that come with staying hydrated. 

While medical professionals typically recommend 2.7 liters a day for women and 3.7 liters a day for men, these numbers refer to overall water ingested, including from other beverages and food. All in all, about 20% of fluids come from the solid food you eat throughout the day.6

While it may be obvious that we require water to live, you might not be aware of all the ways your body uses water for various biological functions. Water is a key component of bodily processes like:

The list of how your body uses water is almost endless. As noted above, it’s more than half of your body itself. From saliva to eye tissue, you’re going to need to keep drinking water to feel and function at your best.

If you’re having a hard time meeting your daily hydration needs, it might be because your drinking water isn’t quite up to par. Unpleasant tastes and odors can make hydration harder than it should be. To cut the contaminants and start enjoying water the way it should be enjoyed, look to modern filtration solutions

#4 We Use 82 Gallons a Day

If you’re having a hard time picturing what 82 gallons look like, imagine 82 individual milk jugs—that’s the amount of water the average American uses per day.7 

That accounts for:

Americans use more water than residents of any other nation, and unfortunately, a lot of that water is wasted due to leaks, inefficiency, and unnecessary over-use. You can conserve water when washing dishes, brushing your teeth, or watering your lawn.

#5 Water Has a Neutral pH

When you drink water, what do you taste? Ideally nothing. That’s partially because pure water has a pH of 7, the absolute neutral between acid and basic.

pH is the measurement used to determine how acidic or basic a substance is. Those terms can be broken down as:

Acidity is considered an aesthetic quality by the EPA, so it’s not specifically regulated. Still, the agency recommends drinking water between 6.5 and 8.5 pH.8 If your water has an off-putting taste it may be useful to check the pH—it could be the culprit making your drinking experience less than stellar. 

#6 Water Makes for a Happy Heart

While you may already think about the benefits of water flushing out toxins from your body, did you know it could help your heart? Research suggests that a steady regimen of daily hydration throughout your lifetime could decrease your risk of heart disease.9 

Specifically, staying hydrated acts to do the following:

In short, proper hydration is a simple way to do something positive for your health every day. 

#7 Water Helps You Look Your Best

Water can keep you feeling at the top of your game, and it can help you look at the top of your game too. As you pour your next glass of water, consider the benefits it has for:

There’s a direct connection between looking good and feeling good when it comes to hydration—just one more reason to smile after gulping down a glass of water.

Facts, Figures, and Filtration with Rayne Water

Now that you’ve picked some information when it comes to our most precious natural resource, you might find yourself getting a little thirsty. Before you pick up your next glass of water, ask yourself if it’s as clean and refreshing as it should be?

If you’re ready to up your water game, here’s another fact to consider—there’s no better way than with Rayne Water

Our water filtration solutions work for residential and industrial spaces of any size and on any budget. From water softeners to reverse osmosis systems, you can find exactly what you need to make your next glass crisp, clear, and thirst-quenching. 



  1. USGS. The water in you: water and the human body. 
  2. USGS. How much water is there on Earth. 
  3. EPA. All the water in the world. 
  4. NGWA. Information on Earth’s water. 
  5. EPA. Facts and figures about the great lakes. 
  6. Mayo Clinic. Nutrition and healthy eating.,fluids%20a%20day%20for%20women 
  7. EPA. Statistics and facts. 
  8. Healthline. What pH should my drinking water be? 
  9. Science Daily. Drinking sufficient water could prevent heart failure.
  10. ADA. Statements on community water fluoridation. 
  11. Everyday Health. New study suggests drinking water could help prevent heart failure. 


Is Well Water Safe to Drink?

Posted by Rayne Water

Have you been taking a closer look at your drinking water? If you’re one of the 43 million Americans using well water, you might be wondering what’s really in your glass.1 From visible particles to discolorations to unpleasant smells, several factors might bring you to ask, “Is well water safe to drink?”

The short answer: maybe.

Unfortunately, there are too many considerations to make a general statement about the safety of well water. Every well is different. That said, this article will dive into the details when it comes to contaminants, risk factors, and well water conditioning systems and solutions, so you’ll be able to answer the question for yourself.

Not only will you have a clear picture of well water safety and some facts about drinking water from the well, but you’ll also find the information to guarantee your next glass is clear, clean, and risk-free.

Private Wells vs Municipal Water

Those living in highly populated metropolitan areas typically rely on municipal water treatment facilities. These facilities are monitored and regulated by public officials to make certain the water quality meets the required criteria for public safety and consumption.

This regulation is not extended to those using private wells. There is no EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) oversight when it comes to the health and safety risks of private wells—ultimately, the responsibility falls squarely on the property owner to make sure their well is providing safe water.

That means it’s your responsibility to:

Water Testing

The best way to get acquainted with what’s in your water is through water testing. While there are at-home kits available, it’s often best to contact a professional.

Local, state, and federal employees are trained and equipped with the best scientific equipment for taking accurate measurements and readings of what’s in your water.

The CDC (Center for Disease Control) recommends well-owners conduct a water test at least once a year.2 They can also provide a list of certified labs capable of doing the work necessary to assure your safety. Often it’s as easy as mailing a few small bottles of tap water.

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High-Risk Contaminants

Before you can start taking the steps toward cleaner, safer water, you need to know what you’re up against. Anything that isn’t H20 is a water contaminant, and many contaminants have the potential for health issues.

It’s important to note that not all contamination poses an immediate danger to your health. Some are harmless, though they may have the side-effect of bringing an unpleasant taste or smell to your water.

High-risk contaminants that pose serious health risks can be broken down most easily into two broad categories: germs and chemicals.


Germs are small but mighty. They have the potential for major health risks. While there’s no way to completely avoid these pesky microorganisms, there are a few variations that can cause problems when they enter your drinking water. 

Hazardous germs include:

While it’s not pleasant to even think about the possibility of any of these germs in your drinking water, it’s worthwhile to note that all of these bacterial contaminants can be safely removed from your water. Through yearly testing and proper filtration, these germs won’t stand a chance.


As opposed to the infectious organic matter of germs, these chemicals are not alive, and you can’t spread any illnesses simply by ingesting them. That said, they can still pose a health risk if they show up in your drinking water.

The serious chemicals to watch out for include:

Keep these chemicals in mind as you move through the article. They’re the red flags that you can catch early to prevent any potential damage to your health. 

Low-Risk Contaminants

It’s not all gloomy. What’s in your water isn’t always life-or-death.

As noted above, not all contaminants are harmful, though that doesn’t mean you necessarily want them in your water. Odd tastes and smells can ruin the taste of your water and leave freshly laundered clothes with a distressing smell.

The following are some of the most common contaminants that won’t harm your health but might harm your enjoyment when it comes to your drinking water.

You might notice filmy build-ups, drier skin, an itchy scalp, and other minor discomforts associated with these contaminants. It may be worth it to make an investment in filtering out these materials as well as the truly toxic ones, for an overall excellent water experience.

Causes of Contamination

Where does it come from? Groundwater contamination can stem from any of the water source but the most common include:

Water is a powerful solvent. That means it can dissolve and absorb most substances that it comes in contact with—leading to bacterial contamination. 

You should also keep in mind that one of the quickest ways to water contamination is through a damaged well. If cracks or ruptures have occurred in your water system, any number of water contaminants might begin seeping into your water. If you’re dealing with a damaged well, you may need to do some structure maintenance before your water is drinkable.

Filtration Solutions

With the full knowledge of what you’re looking at regarding well water safety and bacterial contamination, it’s time to start seeking out solutions.

Water filtration is a broad and diverse field, but the most basic information regarding filtration systems can start pushing you toward understanding what you need to remedy your specific water situation.

These broad categories of filtration are a perfect jumping-off point when looking for a way to ensure you’re drinking water is clean and safe. We just have one more piece of advice to consider as you work to make your drinking water goals a reality.

Never Stress About Safety with Rayne Water

Understanding contamination and filtration are the pillars of well water safety. That said, for something as essential as water, it might be helpful to consult with someone with experience and expertise, before trying to solve your issues on your own.

That’s where we come in.

With nearly 100 years of experience solving residential and commercial water issues, we’d like to think of ourselves as the foremost experts in water safety. Whatever your needs and your budget, we have a specialized water filtration solution to make your water as pure as possible. 

Let our expert team at Rayne Water bring you better, cleaner water every day.



  1. LHSFNA. How safe is your well water. 
  2. CDC. Drinking water frequently asked questions (FAQs). 
  3. CDC. Groundwater awareness week. 
  4. EPA. Is your well water safe to drink.
  6. EPA. Potential well water contaminants and their impacts.

Water Filter Solutions: Tannins in Water

Posted by Rayne Water

Funky, tangy, even a bit sour? While that could describe an interesting craft beer, these aren’t the flavors anyone is hoping for in their drinking water. If you’re tasting something slightly foul, as well as noticing yellow tinting to your H20, you’re likely dealing with a particular variation of water contamination.

To put it simply, it’s likely that you have tannins in your home’s water.

Don’t fret, tannin contamination is a common and solvable problem. In this article, we will establish what tannins are, how to test for them, and what kind of filtration options are available to assure your water is clean, clear, and crisp. If you’re looking for a solution for your tannin problem, read on.

What Are Tannins?

Before we can seek a solution to your home’s water contamination issues, it’s important to understand what tannins are and where they come from.

Musty, earthy, and organic, tannins are naturally occurring decomposing materials—think peaty soils and decaying plant matter—that have been dissolved into water. 

To get a little more technical, tannins are derived from phenolic (AKA tannic) acids. These acids are found in trees, flowers, and fruits and wind up in the soil, then seep into groundwater through the decomposition process.

You’ve probably encountered tannins outside of your tap water when:

As much as you might admire tannins in their natural habitat or in a different sort of beverage, tannins in water are typically bad news for anyone looking to enjoy the simple pleasure of clear glass. 

What Tannins Do To Water

After getting familiar with tannins, you may be unsure what this kind of contamination is actually doing to your drinking water. You can think of tannins in your water the way you might think about a steeping teabag. As the tea steeps in the hot water, it becomes stronger and more flavorful. It works just the same for tannins.

Tannin contamination works on a sliding scale, from highly contaminated to barely noticeable levels of tannins in your water supply. Chances are, if you’re tasting tannins, you’re dealing with at least a moderate level of contamination.

Besides the aforementioned taste, the earliest signs of tannin contamination include:

While tannins may put a damper on your drinking water, they can cause a host of other problems throughout your household. Tannins can make everyday household chores more difficult than they should be.

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Health Effects

Natural and organic is good, right? Not all of nature is great for humans—poison ivy, volcanos, mosquitos—but while tannins aren’t inherently harmful to your health, there are possible risks associated with them.

There has been scientific research conducted relating to the possible negative health side-effects of tannins, including possible carcinogenic properties, but as of now, there’s no conclusive evidence.3  

Ultimately, the risks associated with tannin-contaminated water, as well as other factors make filtration solutions even more appealing. Finally, what’s best for your health is also the best-tasting solution.

Testing for Tannins

Most frequently, you can assume that your water is contaminated by tannins by the yellow water tint and peculiar taste. Few other water issues produce these effects, though it is possible to confuse tannin contamination with another type of contamination—whether from a different organic compound, heavy metals, or bacteria.

To be certain that you’re dealing with tannins in your water, follow these guidelines:

It may be superfluous to run subsequent tests after recognizing you have a contamination problem. Often the first step is to dive directly into tannin filter solutions. Though, as we’ve mentioned, tannin contamination can also mean bacterial contamination, so it is recommended that you test for this more serious form of contamination before proceeding to filtration.

It helps to know the exact problem you’re dealing with in order to find the best solution for better water.

Tannin Filtration Options

After establishing the precise contamination problems—whether strictly from tannins or a combination of water adulterants—the path to clean, delicious water leads directly to water filtration.

You’re most likely already familiar with filtration to some degree, perhaps from a pitcher-based water filter, or an attachable filter on your sink. These are considered point-of-use filtration systems, and while efficient for minor filtration needs, if you’re dealing with tannins in your drinking water, you’ll need a point-of-entry filtration option.

Point-of-entry filtration means the filter is attached to the source of the surface water supply, effectively filtering all the water within your home, as opposed to a single faucet. Point-of-entry filtration can vary in size and style but the most common options for a tannin filter system include:

While the circumstances and requirements of filtration are based on your specific needs, rest assured that there are several methods to guarantee clean water in your home. There’s no reason to let tannins spoil the experience of a seriously refreshing glass of water.

Experience Tannin-Free Water With Rayne Water

With all this information about tannins, you might feel excited at the prospect of finally enjoying your drinking water the way it’s supposed to be enjoyed. If you’re ready to start finding the filtration solutions for your future, look no further than Rayne Water.

At Rayne Water, we’ve worked for years to provide unparalleled filtration options for residential and commercial use. Whether you’re dealing with tannin contamination in your home or office or sulfur smell in water, we have the technical expertise, dedicated staff, and filtration systems to fit all your needs.

Visit Rayne Water today and find out about the benefits of truly pure water.



  1. Springer. Bacterial contamination and health risks of drinking water from the municipal non-government managed water treatment plants.
  2. Mayo Clinic. Water: how much should you drink every day.,fluids%20a%20day%20for%20women 
  3. Nation Library of Medicine. Tannins and human health: a review. 
  4. Water System Council. Tannins and groundwater. 


How To Get Rid of Sulfur Smell in Water

Posted by Rayne Water

That “rotten egg” odor coming from your tap water can really put a damper on, well, everything—from pasta nights to morning showers.

Luckily, while the sulfur smell in well water is an unpleasant odor, it is treatable. In most cases, the smell comes from hydrogen sulfide, a gas made from sulfur bacteria. In this guide, we’ll outline how to diagnose your foul water smell and rid your house of contamination.

Step #1: Diagnose the Problem

Before you get your tool belt out from the far corner of the coat closet, you must first find out where the stench is coming from. In general, there are two ways to diagnose and figure out how to get rid of the sulfur smell in water: 

The solution you choose will depend largely on where the problem is occurring and how much mg/L of hydrogen sulfide is in the smelly water. While the smell is often an indicator of a presence of hydrogen sulfide, you can also test levels by:

Alternatively, the issue could also be due to iron bacteria—although it’s less common. This type of bacteria appears on surface waters and deposits “rusty” bacterial cells that can stick to plumbing.

Step #2 Identify if the Smell is Coming From the Water Heater

The bad odor may be emanating from your hot water heater since many types of bacteria thrive in warmer temperatures. Usually, an anode rod works within the water tank to eliminate impurities. However, over time it may become corroded and stop working, leading to sulfur-like smells.

As such, you’ll want to sanitize and inspect the heater to prevent further contamination if you notice a sulfur-like smell coming from the tank.

How to Sanitize the Tank

Sulfur-reducing bacteria thrive in hot water environments like a hot water heater. When these types of bacteria consume sulfur, they can produce high levels of hydrogen sulfide, which can produce a rotten egg smell. 

Once these bacteria are established in the tank, you’ll have to sanitize the tank to remove them:

Quick Tip: Servicing your hot water heater on your own is not recommended as it may be dangerous, violate the warranty, or make the problem worse.

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How to Inspect an Anode Rod for Corrosion

To stave off corrosion, most hot water tanks are equipped with at least one magnesium anode rod on the inside. This rod, aptly known as the “sacrificial anode,” pulls corrosive ion deposits out of the water, keeping them away from the inner surface of the tank. 

However, the rod is not impervious to damage and eventually will corrode beyond the point of functionality, down to a skinny wire. In this corroded state, the rod’s interactions with the sulfates in the water form hydrogen sulfide gas, causing an unpleasant smell. 

Whether or not this is a result of an exhausted anode rod, is something you’ll have to inspect for yourself or with the help of a professional by following these steps:

Step #3: Treat the Water Source

If you’ve inspected your hot water tank with no success or both your cold and hot water have that rotten egg smell, then it’s time to look into treating the source: the well. The sulfur smell in well water can be eradicated with numerous treatment methods.

Quick Tip: Sulfur bacteria is a stubborn nuisance to deep water containers. In preparation for treatment, it is recommended that you give the inside of your well a thorough scrubbing with a well-cleaning kit. 

Option #1: Chlorination or Peroxide Shock

Implementing a chlorination or peroxide shock will disinfect the tank by killing the bacteria present. Both chlorine and peroxide are good options. However, a peroxide treatment will more effectively stave off any unpleasant stenches. 

Additionally, when using chlorine you’ll most likely need to regularly replenish the tank and consider installing an active carbon filter to remove any leftover chlorine still in the well.

This is a temporary solution that will last anywhere from one to two months. Although if it works, you’ll know that hydrogen sulfide is the culprit. 

Option #2: Continuous Chlorination and Filtration

Chlorine can remove medium to high levels (amounts higher than 6 mg/L) of hydrogen sulfide through oxidation. Through the use of a feed pump, chlorine can be added to your water continuously to rid it of hydrogen sulfide. 

Rather than a one-time shock, the feed-pump method keeps your well continuously sanitized. 

Through oxidation, the chlorine converts (soluble) hydrogen sulfite into (insoluble) sulfur, at which point a water filter can easily sieve it out of the stream before getting into your pipes and home. 

Bonus Points: Chlorine also keeps your water supply equipment nice and clean.

Option #3: Potassium Permanganate

Similar to chlorination, potassium permanganate cleans the tank by making contaminants insoluble. These include:

The solids are then easily sifted out before ever having the chance to stink up your home.

When implementing potassium permanganate, make sure you replenish the well continuously and perform routine cleaning to backwash the filtration system.

Warning: Potassium permanganate is a poisonous compound and a major skin irritant. When using it, be sure to follow the handling instructions carefully and store it in a safe place where little ones and pets can’t get to it. 

Option #4: Aeration

Sometimes your water system just needs a little bit of fresh air—if the amount of sulfur in your water is 2 mg/L or lower, then aeration could be the best option for you. 

Sulfur bacteria thrive in oxygen-deprived environments. The aeration method uses an aerator to inject oxygen into your water supply, forcefully displacing hydrogen sulfide gas and creating an oxygen-rich environment that is less hospitable to sulfur bacteria. 

Quick Tip: When nearby the aeration site, you’ll still be able to smell a sulfur stench. However, ventilation may help reduce the problem.

Option #5: Ion exchange

Using a charged resin, ion exchange is a way for pulling hydrogen sulfide out of the water in exchange for chloride. A salt solution replenishes the resin’s charge after depletion. While the process is similar to that of a water softener, it’s not the same.

Quick Tip: Not all resin can withstand sulfides, so it’s important to consult a professional to choose the right option for you. 

Option #6: Ozone

A relatively effective, efficient, and safe choice for oxidizing hydrogen sulfide is ozone. No additional chemicals or filtration is required. 

Instead, ozone is generated in a container and injected into the water source. The oxidizing effects of the ozone turn hydrogen sulfide into filterable, insoluble sulfur, while killing:

Option #7: Activated Carbon Filters

Often used in conjunction with another solution mentioned, carbon filters are often installed under sinks to treat drinking and cooking water that has small amounts of particles that need to be removed—say, less than 1 mg/L. 

The activated carbon adsorbs the hydrogen sulfide after it’s insoluble. On its own, this is an economical choice for people dealing with small amounts of hydrogen sulfide.2 

Quick Tip: This method requires routine replacements of carbon filters, which have varied and unpredictable lifespans. 

Step #4: Determine if Your Water is Safe to Drink

The smell and taste of hydrogen sulfide-affected water can be so offensive that many people consider it undrinkable. While the odor might make you think it’s poisonous or toxic, it’s not. 

While hydrogen sulfide is lethal in large, concentrated amounts, there is no concern with regard to the amount found in water systems.  

Furthermore, the EPA categorizes water contaminated by hydrogen sulfide as a secondary, or merely aesthetic, concern. For reference, the EPA has two standards for water, primary and secondary:

Get Back Into the Flow of Things with Rayne Water

Foul-smelling water can disrupt the natural flow of things within your household, but with careful inspection and precision, your water can smell rain-fresh in no time.

If you’re looking to keep your water clean, recruit the experts at Rayne Water. 

We offer groundwater and well inspections, so you can stop pinching your nose and start enjoying your life. Wondering why your tap water is yellow or brown? There might be tannins in your water. From sulfur to limescale, Rayne Water is your solution.


  1. Kloeckner Metals Corporation. Aluminum Oxidation: Is Aluminum Corrosion-resistant?
  2. Hydrogen Sulfide.
  3. United States Environmental Protection Agency. Secondary Drinking Water Standards: Guidance for Nuisance Chemicals.

What are Hard Water Stains?

Posted by Rayne Water

No matter how many times you scrub your shower, you notice rings around the drain. Your faucets are caked in white splotches that come back again and again. What gives?

Stains don’t only come from dirt. They can come from water, too—specifically hard water. Hard water contains insoluble mineral deposits such as magnesium and calcium that can leave behind a stain on surfaces. The two main kinds of hard water stains are:

Before you ask “is hard water bad for you,” let’s find out what hard water stains are and what they look like. This article will discuss both kinds of hard water stains as well as methods for eliminating and preventing them.

What Is Hard Water?

Generally, magnesium and calcium account for the minerals in hard water. These deposits are imparted from rocks and soils to rain and groundwater that eventually enter your municipal water supply.

Hard water is called “hard” because it’s difficult to form lather with.1 But not all hard water is the same; hardness varies by the grains per gallon (GPG) of minerals it contains:

Here is how hardness in water is typically measured:

What Do Hard Water Stains Look Like?

Unsightly chalky residue. Disgusting off-white solids. Film. Crust. 

These are some of the ways you’re likely to hear people describe hard water stains.

We’ve already noted there are two kinds of stains. These differ slightly in appearance.

It’s important to know what hard water stains look like. Once you know what you’re dealing with, it’s that much easier to take appropriate action.

Water Softener Systems starting at only $35/mo. Try before you buy!

How to Get Rid of Hard Water Stains

When hard water evaporates, a mineral residue is left behind, causing a stain. While these stains can require a considerable amount of elbow grease, they’re not permanent. In fact, there are several methods for removing them. 

Next, we’ll look at a few homemade cleaning solutions that can remove these stains throughout the house.

Target Most Stains with White Vinegar and Water Spray

You don’t need a special cleaning product to start tackling your unwanted mineral deposits. White vinegar is easy to find and inexpensive—chances are you already have some on hand. Likewise, this spray is gentle on surfaces, so you don’t have to worry about making the problem worse. 

While you can use it straight from the bottle, a spray bottle will make the application easier. 

To assemble your cleaning spray:

Not getting the results you want? Repeat the above process, slightly increasing the ratio of vinegar to water. 

You can use this spray on just about anything, from kitchen surfaces to your glass shower door. It’s a useful thing to have around the house for cleaning.

Tackle Hard-to-Reach places with White Vinegar and Paper Towels

What about those tricky, hard-to-reach surfaces, like the nooks and crannies of your bathroom, shower head, and sink knobs?

Once again, vinegar is your best friend, although you’ll need to use a slightly different application method.

Use Baking Soda to Tackle Tough Stains

While vinegar is ideal for visible, high-traffic surfaces, you don’t need to be as precious with your toilet bowl and sink. Baking soda paste can up the ante for hard water spot-cleaning bathtubs, tiling, and sinks. 

Assemble your paste as follows:

With any luck, your surfaces will be restored to their original hue.

How to Prevent Hard Water Stains in the First Place

These methods are tried and true, but they’re not ideal—not everyone wants to spend their free time making sprays and pastes. And hard water stains are usually not one-time visitors. If yours persist, you may find you’re permanently adding extra vinegar and baking soda to your grocery list! 

So what’s the alternative?

Prevention is the best way to ensure you aren’t losing too much time to hard water stains. 

Water softeners and conditioners are ideal in that they prevent hard water stains at the source by removing hard water deposits. That way, calcium, magnesium, and other minerals never have a chance to wreak havoc on your sink and shower in the first place. 

Stop Scrubbing, Start Softening With Rayne Water

While it’s possible to remove the stains caused by hard water, the only long-term remedy is removing the mineral culprits from your water supply.

There are several ways to remove mineral and other hard water deposits from water. If water hardness is your only concern, a salt-free water conditioner can be ideal. Want to filter out viruses, bacteria, lead, and other particles, too? Reverse osmosis does it all.

Rayne Water offers a range of solutions to meet all of your home water needs. Call us today. We’re happy to answer any questions you have about hard water and the products we offer to treat it.


  1. Water Quality Association. Scale Deposits.,wasting%20properties%20of%20hard%20water/
  2. Florida State College at Jacksonville. Saponification: The Preparation of Soap
  3. Compound Interest. The Chemistry of Limescale


Is Hard Water Bad for You?

Posted by Rayne Water

People all over the US use hard water every day. It goes into bagel dough and comes out of showerheads—in short, it’s everywhere. 

If you’ve heard your local water supply is “hard,” you might find yourself wondering, is hard water safe to drink? 

Using hard water does not pose a direct health risk, nor is drinking hard water bad for you.1 Even so, hard water causes several inconveniences and hygiene concerns worth considering.

This article will explain the ins and outs of hard water, from its characteristics to its effects to the ways to correct hardness for an upgraded drinking and showering experience.

What is Hard Water?

Water is considered “hard” when it contains high amounts of calcium ions and magnesium ions. As groundwater travels through mineral-rich soil, it picks these ions up along the way. 

Water hardness exists on a scale and can range from moderately hard to very hard. The level of hardness corresponds to the grains per gallon (GPG) of minerals that are present in a given sample. On this scale,

Hard water is common to the US though more prevalent in certain parts of the country than others.2 You can also find it on supermarket shelves in the form of mineral water.3 Consult your county’s water report to find out your hardness level.

Hard Water and Health

Calcium is an important nutrient in the human diet—so, could hard water be a good thing?

Not really.

At the same time, drinking hard water isn’t bad for you in any medical or nutritional sense.

However, it can make life difficult in other ways. The mineral deposits of hard water cause a range of problems, from clogging pipes and wearing out appliances to irritating skin and ruining clothes. Next, we’ll explore these issues.

Water Softener Systems starting at only $35/mo. Try before you buy!

What is the Impact of Hard Water?

Despite what its name suggests, hard water is not actually hard. Rather, the “term hardness was originally applied to waters that were hard to wash in.”5 

This difficulty is typically manifested in one of the following forms:

Next, we’ll take a deeper look at each issue.

The Connection Between Soap Scum and Hard Water 

Though clean enough to drink, hard water is less than ideal for cleaning. That’s because hard water and soap do not mix. When a soap’s fatty acids react with the minerals in hard water, unpleasant coagulation occurs.

Here’s what you might expect to experience when combining soap with hard water:

Limescale’s Impact on Appliances and Plumbing 

Hard water isn’t just bad for your skin and surfaces. It can also affect the more functional parts of your house, such as:

These sites are most affected by limescale buildup.

Similar to soap scum, limescale is an unappealing byproduct of mineral deposits. Instead of soap, however, limescale forms when mineral-rich water is heated. These insoluble deposits build up over time, clogging pipes, depreciating appliances, and staining surfaces.

What Hard Water Does to Your Clothes 

Ever spend an afternoon washing your clothes only to find you need to wash them more? Limescale and soap scum may have joined forces to conquer your best efforts.

Here’s why your clothes don’t get clean:

Due to these issues, laundry detergent is likely to stick around even after the wash is over. For people with sensitive skin, this can cause problems. Irritants in detergents are known to cause contact dermatitis, irritation, and rash.7  

Additionally, hard water renders fabrics dull and unusable at a faster rate than soft water does. You may notice a brittle quality to towels and wash rags when using hard water.

Is it Possible to Soften Water?

While synthetic products and plumbing services exist, hard water can be treated at the source. Water softening systems ensure top performance and lifespan for plumbing and appliances.  

There are several methods to consider:

Water Softeners

Water-softening systems use a method called ion exchange. This method trades disagreeable calcium and magnesium ions for more easy-going sodium ions.

In short, negatively charged resin beads are housed in this tank. Hard water passes through the tank before entering the plumbing.

These beads are coated with sodium ions. The magnesium and calcium have positively charged. This attracts them to the resin-like magnets. The stickiness of the resin holds the ions in place when they get there. The presence of magnesium and calcium knocks the sodium ions out into the stream of water.8

Minerals are then disposed of in a “brine.”

Salt-Free Water Systems

Aside from health concerns around sodium intake, some parts of the US have brine laws. These laws prohibit dumping brine, a common function of most water softeners.9 You might also be unable to connect your system to an electrical source or to provide a drain for dumping. 

If any of these situations apply to you, then a salt-free water system is worth considering. 

Salt-free water systems don’t eject unwanted hardness minerals the way that water softeners do. Instead they use a method called template-assisted crystallization (TAC). 

Here’s a glimpse at how it works:

Reverse Osmosis

If you are on a salt-restricted diet, a reverse osmosis system could also come in handy. 

RO systems are able to filter a wide range of particles, including:

Reverse osmosis systems filter water to be sodium-free.

Stop Flushing Money Down the Drain Thanks to Rayne Water

When hard water mineral deposits are present, your time and money are likely going down the drain as you struggle to get clothing and surfaces clean. 

The cost of repairs and the time it takes for daily upkeep are unsustainable. The good news is that these workarounds are also unnecessary. 

With Rayne Water, you can avoid hard water altogether. To learn more about tap water conditioners for your home or business, contact Rayne Water today.


  1. USGS. Do you have information about water hardness in the United States?
  2. USGS. Map of water hardness in the United States.
  3. Pocono Record. What’s in Your Water?,of%20calcium%20and%20magnesium%20ions.
  4. National Center for Biotechnology Information. Potential Health Impacts of Hard Water.
  5. Water Quality Association. Scale Deposits.,wasting%20properties%20of%20hard%20water.
  6. Real Simple. How Bad Is Hard Water for Your Skin? We Asked Derms
  7. Healthline. How to Identify and Treat a Laundry Detergent Rash.
  8. Chemistry Libre Texts. Hard Water.
  9. Water Technology Online. The Battle Over Brine.
  10. Continuing Education Center. Template Assisted Crystallization.–template-assisted-crystallization/2/

Reverse Osmosis vs Carbon Filter

Posted by Rayne Water

If you’re dealing with limey build-ups, scummy showers, and funky smells, you’re probably looking for an easy solution to your water problem. When searching for the right water filtration system, you’re almost guaranteed to come across these two popular options: reverse osmosis unit and carbon filters.

The most common types of water filters, reverse osmosis and carbon filtering both offer a way to  treat your drinking water but yield different results.

Does reverse osmosis remove minerals? The short answer is “yes.” And as for carbon filtration? Unfortunately, that’s a “no.”

However, there’s a lot more to understand when it comes to mineral filtration and reverse osmosis. In this guide, we’ll go deep into minerality, the fundamentals of filtration, and the way to determine the best drinking water systems for your situation.

The Fundamentals of Water Filtration

We’ve touched a little on water filters vs reverse osmosis, but it’s important to grasp the fundamentals of water filtration as well.

Before diving into these two methods in more detail, you need to understand some basic facts about water filters: 

These facts apply to both reverse osmosis and carbon filters.

Reverse Osmosis Systems starting at only $25/mo. Try before you buy!

Reverse Osmosis 101

A reverse osmosis filter is a great option if you want to filter out every possible contaminant in your water.

While reverse osmosis certainly sounds like a topic from biology class, it’s perfectly understandable when broken down into a few steps.

Reverse Osmosis or RO is a physical filtration process involving a semipermeable membrane typically made of cellulose acetate, polysulfone, and polyamide. The reverse osmosis membranes are solvent resistant, meaning they won’t be damaged or made less effective by water. 

RO, in its simplest terms, works like this: 

In short, the reverse osmosis membrane acts like a bouncer at an exclusive club, water is the VIP, and contaminants are not on the guest list.

What Does Reverse Osmosis Remove?

The process of reverse osmosis has been popular for more than 50 years and was invented more than 100 years ago. Over the course of several decades, reverse osmosis technology has been refined to filter smaller and smaller ions—we’re talking filters with a pore size of .0001 microns.

In case you don’t know how small a micron is, the diameter of a single human hair is on average about 70 microns. So, .0001 microns is quite literally microscopic.

That means a reverse osmosis system can filter out minerals, dissolved solids, and much, much more.

A modern Reverse Osmosis filter is capable of filtering out:

Most importantly, for this guide, RO is the best way to make sure your water is mineral-free. In a 2009 study, it was shown that “Reverse Osmosis (RO) removed  more than 90-99.99% of all the contaminants including minerals from the drinking water supply.”1 

Minerals just can’t make it past the membrane.

What About Carbon Filtering?

As we mentioned earlier, you most likely stumbled across carbon filtering when researching water filtration options. You may even already own a water pitcher with a charcoal filter, or have one attached to your sink. You might be asking, is this capable of removing minerals as well

Unfortunately, the answer is no.

What you’re looking at is a carbon filter, one of the most common types of water purification and filtration systems for residential use, and likely the method you’re most familiar with. After all, carbon POU filters are affordable and can certainly improve taste.

Despite its commonality, carbon filtering is not always ideal, though it’s important to know why.

Carbon filtering involves the use of Granular Activated Carbon or GAC. GAC is made from oxygenating carbon to create a highly porous, black material with a large surface area. Water passes through the carbon particles, which filter out impurities and contaminants.2

Activated carbon filters out:

What Carbon Filters Leave Behind

Because some water may remain in the filter, GAC filters require cleaning and replacement. If left unattended, the stagnant water has the potential to grow bacteria which is not only a little gross but a potential health risk.

It’s also important to be aware of what activated carbon doesn’t filter, including:

GAC is highly effective for some materials, but smaller molecules can pass through it. While carbon filtering is a sensible choice for some filtration needs, it ultimately isn’t the best option if you’re looking to remove minerals from your drinking water. 

Hard Water, Simple Science

The facts are simple: if you want to remove minerals, only an RO water filter will do.

So, is minerality really the source of your water woes? To make a decision, you’ll need to understand water hardness.

Determining the hardness of water might sound like figuring out the wetness of sand, but don’t fret, hard water simply refers to water with a high concentration of minerals in it.

Water hardness is determined by a ratio of milligrams of calcium carbonate to liters of H20.3

If you’re staring at a glass of tap water trying to determine the level of hardness, you might have a hard time figuring it out. The mineral content of your drinking water is typically invisible to the naked eye, though sometimes you can see a slight discoloration. 

There are a few ways to test water hardness, but most often it’s easily detectable by taste, touch, or smell.

The Problem With Minerals

It’s important to note that mineral contaminants in your drinking water do not pose a serious health threat.

That said, they often do:

If these issues sound familiar, an RO filter is the best option to safeguard your water.

From Hard to Easy

If you’re tired of funny tastes, spotted silverware, and stains on your clothes and fixtures, it’s time to consider a water softener or a reverse osmosis water filtration system. Experts agree you should be drinking 2-4 liters per day, so why settle for less than excellent?4

There are certainly a lot of benefits to reverse osmosis at a personal and a commercial level, and with the right system, you could be pumping gallons of clean, great-tasting water in no time.

Rayne Water: The Bouncers For Your Personal Water Supply

Now that you know a little about Reverse Osmosis and its mineral filtration abilities, it’s time to put a plan into action, get your feet wet, and dive right in.

If you’re looking for a smart solution to your water filtration issues look no further than Rayne Water. We’ve been providing water systems to individuals and businesses for over 90 years, and can match you with your perfect system to keep unwanted particles out of your home for good. 

Contact Rayne Water today to schedule a water test. We’re here to help provide the purest water for every situation. Check out our products and services, and remember to stay hydrated!


  1. International Water Association. Reverse osmosis and the removal of minerals from drinking water.
  2. Thought Co. Activated charcoal and how it works.
  3. USGS. Hardness of water.
  4. Mayo Clinic. Water: how much should you drink every day.
  5. FDA. Reverse osmosis.
  6. International Water Association. Reverse osmosis and the removal of minerals from drinking 
  7. water.
  8. Thought Co. Activated charcoal and how it works.

Does Reverse Osmosis Remove Lead?

Posted by Rayne Water

When it comes to water quality, taste and hardness may immediately come to mind as potential issues. But it’s also important to consider the safety of your home water supply.

Whether you’re already aware of high lead levels or you’re just starting to investigate water filtration options and drinking water systems, you’ve probably heard something about reverse osmosis. 

Reverse osmosis is a water purification method in which water is forced through the semipermeable membrane. Tiny pores in the RO membrane allow water to pass through, separating it from potentially harmful contaminants. 

You might be wondering “does reverse osmosis remove minerals” and “does reverse osmosis remove lead from water?” In short, yes it does. But how does it work? Continue reading to learn about the dangers of lead poisoning and how reverse osmosis can guarantee safe hydration.

The Dangers of Lead Poisoning

Lead is a heavy metal found in the earth’s crust. Although lead’s toxicity is now widely recognized, for some time lead was considered a “miracle metal”.1

That means that lead exposure can be difficult to avoid.

According to the Environmental Protection Agency, there is no safe level of lead exposure for children.

In children, lead exposure can cause:

Lead affects adults somewhat differently. In adults, lead exposure can cause cardiovascular effects, hypertension, and reproductive problems.2

With serious effects like these, no one should risk having lead contaminate their drinking water.

Reverse Osmosis Systems starting at only $25/mo. Try before you buy!

When Should I Be Concerned About Lead Exposure?

Regulation around lead exposure has come a long way.

But while your local water supply may be lead-free, that doesn’t mean the water that flows from your taps would test negative as well.

Assessing  Your Home

The most common way for lead to enter drinking water is through the corrosion of lead pipes and fixtures. Although human skin does not absorb lead in water, when lead is consumed, it bioaccumulates over time. 

Lead is more commonly found in older homes. If your home is 30 years old or older, it may be helpful to look into its history and the building materials used throughout its life.

Do you believe your home may have lead pipes? Luckily, there are a few ways to tell whether or not you are at risk.

Fortunately, modern water filtration methods including reverse osmosis are extremely effective at ensuring safe drinking water.

How Does Reverse Osmosis Remove Lead?

Reverse osmosis separates two liquids across a membrane. On one side of the reverse osmosis membrane, you have contaminated water, which is purified as it is pushed through to the other side. 

It may be helpful to think of a coffee filter. When you make coffee with a filter, only the liquid coffee passes through. The ground beans, meanwhile, are left behind.

Because reverse osmosis removes contaminants and impurities from the water so effectively, it’s become an increasingly popular water purification method. 

Beyond lead, reverse osmosis filtration can also remove:

The reverse osmosis systems or RO system usually have a pore size of 0.0001 micron. This means that it is highly effective at removing bacteria and viruses from your drinking water.5

Most in-home reverse osmosis systems have a pre and post water filter. 

Note that a reverse osmosis system, though efficient, will lose a small amount of water each time contaminants are separated and flushed out. This “flushing out” ensures that dangerous contaminants such as lead are not left in the water after it has been processed.

Prevent Lead Contamination with a Rayne Water System

At Rayne Water, our goal is to bring clean water to your home. Whether your concern is lead, minerals, or bacteria, our reverse osmosis systems can guarantee clean, drinkable water.

We have top-of-the-line reverse osmosis systems available. Our Rayne Clear system is a standard reverse osmosis filtration system, the Rayne Pure Plus is a four-stage reverse osmosis system, and the  Rayne Eradicator is the best and most efficient reverse osmosis system we’ve found. Which is right for you? Get in touch today to find out.

If you have any concerns about the drinkability of your water, we would love to be your solution.


  1. NPR. Before It Was Dangerous, Lead Was The Miracle Metal That We Loved
  2. EPA. Learn about Lead.
  3. EPA. Protect Your Family from Sources of Lead
  4. Accurate Plumbing. What Material Are Your Pipes Made Of?
  5. CDC. Technical Information on Home Water Treatment